Today's History Trivia for November 22
1718 Blackbeard the Pirate Blackbeard (Edward Teach) is killed in hand-to-hand combat by a crew of sailors led by Lt. Robert Maynard. His severed head was then hung from Maynard's ship. The English pirate had served as a privateer in the War of the Spanish Succession. Afterwards, he turned to a life of crime.
1307 Knights Templar The arrest of the Knights Templar and the seizure of their properties is ordered by Pope Clement V. The campaign against the Templars was started by Philip IV of France who owed them large amounts of money. The Templars were tortured into confessions and burned at the stake.
1986 Mike Tyson The 20-year-old boxer becomes the youngest heavyweight champion ever by beating Trevor Berbick.
1969 First isolation of a single gene The intestinal bacterium E. Coli is announced by Harvard scientists.
1961 First person to win the Most Valuable Player award for both major baseball leagues Frank Robinson wins the National League MVP; he went to win it for the American League in 1966. Source: Famous First Facts
1950 Lowest scoring game in NBA history the Fort Wayne Pistons beat the Minneapolis Lakers (19-18).
1928 Boléro Ravel's masterpiece premiers at the Paris Opéra. Composed as a ballet commissioned by Russian actress and dancer Ida Rubinstein, it is Maurice Ravel's most famous musical composition.
1927 Snowmobile Carl J.E. Eliason of Wisconsin receives the first patent for a snow travelling vehicle.
1906 SOS The radio distress signal is adopted as the call for help by the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
1842 First U.S. volcanic eruption for which the exact date is known Mt. St. Helens in Washington erupts.
Today's Birthdays for November 22
1967 Boris Becker German tennis player. In 1985, at age 17, he became the youngest player to win the male Wimbledon singles title.
1961 Mariel Hemingway American actress, Manhattan (1979), Personal Best (1982), and Star 80 (1983). She is the granddaughter of writer Ernest Hemingway.
1958 Jamie Lee Curtis American actress. Film: Halloween (1978), Trading Places (1983), A Fish Called Wanda (1988), and Blue Steel (1990).
1943 Billie Jean King (Billie Jean Moffitt), American tennis champion, co-founder of WomenSports Magazine (1974). Elton John wrote Philadelphia Freedom (1975) in honor of her team the Philadelphia Freedoms. She defeated former Wimbledon men's champion Bobby Riggs in the 1973 "Battle of the Sexes."
1932 Robert Vaughn d. 2016 American Emmy-winning actor. TV: The Man From U.N.C.L.E. (Napoleon Solo) and The A-Team (Gen. Stockwell).
1922 Edward J. Daly d. 1984 American businessman. President of World Airways. Towards the end of the Vietnam War, he used his own plane and money to rescue 54 orphans out of Vietnam.
1921 Rodney Dangerfield d. 2004 (Jacob Cohen), American Grammy-winning comedian. Film: Caddyshack (1980) and Back to School (1986). Comedy Album: No Respect (1980, Grammy) Rappin Rodney (1980, Grammy).
1901 Roy Crane d. 1977 American cartoonist. Creator of Captain Easy (1929) and Buz Sawyer (1943). He pioneered the use of sound effects in comics, such as "bam," "pow," and "wham" and was a pioneer of the adventure comic strip.
1901 Lee Patrick d. 1982 American actress. Film: The Maltese Falcon (1941, Sam Spade's secretary).
1899 Walter Berndt d. 1979 American cartoonist. Creator of Smitty.
1890 Charles De Gaulle d. 1970 French general and statesman. He founded the French Fifth Republic (1958) and served as its first President (1959-69). Quote: "How can anyone govern a nation that has two hundred and forty-six different kinds of cheese?" (1962).
1869 André Gide d. 1951 French author, winner of Nobel Prize for literature (1947). The Catholic Church placed his works on the Index of Forbidden Books (1952). Quote: The color of truth is gray.
1868 John Nance Garner d. 1967 32nd U.S. Vice-President (1933-41).
1729 Pierre Laclède d. 1778 French-born American fur trader. Founder of St. Louis (1764).
1643 Robert de La Salle d. 1687 French explorer. He explored the Mississippi Basin and claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France.
Deaths for November 22
1983 Leonard Wibberley b. 1915 Irish author. Writings: The Mouse That Roared (1955, movie 1959). His novel was about a tiny country that believes the only way to help their economy is to declare war on the U.S. and lose, and then receive financial aid, much like the U.S. did with Germany at the end of WWII. Quote: "There isn't a more profitable undertaking for any country than to declare war on the United States and to be defeated."
1980 Mae West b. 1893 (Mary Jane West), American actress, sex symbol. "Come up and see me sometime." In 1927, her play "Sex," which she wrote, produced, and directed, was raided on morals charges. She ending up spending eight days in jail, which she used as publicity stunt.
1896 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr b. 1859 American engineer. Inventor of the Ferris wheel. It was constructed for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago. His ride was 250 feet in diameter, took 20 minutes per revolution, and had a capacity of 2,160 people.
(Jeremiah Jones Colbath), 18th U.S. Vice-President (1873-75, under Pres. Ulysses S. Grant). He has been accused of having an affair with the Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow and leaking to her plans of the Civil War's first major battle at Bull Run Creek in Manassas, Virginia (1861). The Union, expecting a quick victory, was routed by Confederate forces.
1993 Anthony Burgess b. 1917 (John Anthony Burgess Wilson), British author. Writings: A Clockwork Orange (1962, 1971 movie).
1992 Sterling Holloway, Jr b. 1905 American actor. Voice of Winnie the Pooh, the snake in Jungle Book, and the Cheshire Cat in Disney's Alice in Wonderland.
1992 Charles F. Brannock b. 1903 American inventor. He invented (1925) the metal shoe-size measurer used in thousands of shoe stores.
1986 Scatman Crothers b. 1910 (Benjamin Sherman Crothers), American actor, singer, musician. TV: Chico and the Man (the garbage man). Film: The Shining (1980, Dick Hallorann).
1980 Morris Frank b. 1908 American pioneer for the blind. Blind himself, he brought the first seeing eye dog in the U.S. (1928) over from Switzerland and co-founded The Seeing Eye, the first dog guide school in the U.S.
1963 C. S. Lewis b. 1898 (Clive Staples Lewis), British author, Christian apologist. Books: The Allegory of Love (1936), The Screwtape Letters (1942), Out of the Silent Planet (1938), and The Chronicles of Narnia (1950-56).
1963 Aldous Huxley b. 1894 British author. Writings: Brave New World (1932) and The Doors of Perception (1954, describing his psychedelic drug experiences and from which the music group The Doors took their name).
1956 Roy Edward "Dizzy" Carlyle b. 1900 American baseball player. He hit the longest recorded home run (1929, 618 feet during a minor-league game). Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1939 Walt Hoban b. 1890 American cartoonist, created Jerry on the Job (1914).
1916 Jack London b. 1876 (John Griffith London), American author. Writings: The Call of the Wild (1903) and White Fang (1905).
1900 Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan b. 1842 English composer, of Gilbert and Sullivan fame.
1774 Baron Clive of Plassey b. 1725 (Robert Clive), British soldier. Founder of the British Indian empire.
1718 Blackbeard the Pirate b. circa 1680 (Edward Teach), English pirate. After serving as a privateer in the War of the Spanish Succession, he turned to a life of crime. He was killed by a crew of sailors led by Lt. Robert Maynard in hand-to-hand combat.