Today's History Trivia for November 26
1952 First Full-Length 3-D Color Movie Bwana Devil premiers. The audience was required to wear special Polaroid viewers. It started the 3-D movie craze and was also the setting for the iconic Life magazine photo.
1986 Iran-Contra Affair The U.S. Justice Department begins a full-scale investigation of the Reagan administration's weapons shipments to Iran.
1969 Lottery for Selective Service Draftees Bill establishing the draft lottery is signed by Pres. Nixon.
1861 A convention in western Virginia votes to secede from Virginia and form the state of West Virginia.
1832 First U.S. streetcar The New York and Harlem Railroad's horse-drawn vehicle begins public service. It road on rails laid in the center of the road.
1789 First national Thanksgiving Day (as declared by presidential proclamation): Pres. George Washington declares today as a day of general thanksgiving for the adoption of the constitution. This was also the first national U.S. holiday.
Today's Birthdays for November 26
1939 Tina Turner (Annie Mae Bullock), American-born Swiss singer, with husband Ike. "The Queen of Rock 'n' Roll." In 2013, she obtained Swiss citizenship and relinquished her American citizenship. Music: Proud Mary (1971). Film: Tommy (1975, Acid Queen) and Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985).
1827 Ellen Gould White d. 1915 American author, Christian pioneer. She and her husband helped found the Seventh-day Adventist Church. She claimed to have religious visions which were the basis for many of her books.
1945 John Graham "Mac" McVie British Rock and Roll Hall of Fame bass guitarist, with Fleetwood Mac.
1938 Rich Little Canadian impersonator.
American Emmy-Tony-Grammy-winning singer, actor. Broadway: Camelot (1960, Sir Lancelot). Music: If Ever I Would Leave You (1960).
1912 Eric Sevareid d. 1992 American Emmy-winning broadcast journalist for CBS.
1910 Cyril Cusack d. 1993 Irish actor. Film: The Day of the Jackal, The Taming of the Shrew, and My Left Foot. He was considered Ireland's finest actor.
1909 Eugène Ionesco d. 1994 Romanian-born French playwright. Known for his contributions to the theater of the absurd, he is considered among the most important dramatists of the 20th century. Writings: The Bald Soprano (1950) and The Lesson (1950).
1908 Vernon "Lefty" Gomez d. 1989 American Baseball Hall of Famer. He won 189 games with the N.Y. Yankees, and was the winning pitcher for the first All-Star game (1933).
1899 Bruno Richard Hauptmann d. 1936 German-born carpenter. He was electrocuted for the kidnapping and murder (1932) of Charles Lindbergh's 20-month-old son. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
1895 Bill Wilson d. 1971 (William Griffith Wilson aka Bill W.), American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (1935). He had his first drink in 1917 claiming, "I had found the elixir of life." However, his drinking quickly go out of hand; he failed to graduate from law school because he was too drunk to pick up his diploma.
1876 Willis Haviland Carrier d. 1950 American engineer, invented air-conditioning (1902).
1861 Albert Bacon Fall d. 1944 American senator, first member of a president's cabinet convicted of a crime (1929). While Pres. Harding's Secretary of the Interior, he was convicted of accepting a $100,000 bribe. He was sentenced to one year in prison and fined $100,000.
1832 Mary Edwards Walker d. 1919 American physician, women's rights leader. She was the first female surgeon in the U.S. Army (1864), and the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor (1865); although it was revoked in 1916 and then reinstated in 1977. In 1897 she established a women's colony called "Adamless Eden."
1607 John Harvard d. 1638 English scholar. As he was dying he bequeathed his library and half his estate to a new college being formed. It was named Harvard in his honor.
Deaths for November 26
Edward Henry "Butch" O'Hare
U.S. naval aviator, for whom Chicago's O'Hare airport is named. In 1942 he single-handedly attacked nine Japanese bombers, shooting down five, saving the USS Lexington from certain destruction. These actions made him the U.S. Navy's first flying ace, and the Navy's first WWII recipient of the Medal of Honor. He died in action.
2016 Fritz Weaver b. 1926 American Tony-winning actor. Stage: Baker Street (1965, Sherlock Holmes) and Child's Play (1970, Tony). Film: Marathon Man (1976, Professor Biesenthal). TV: Holocaust (1978, Dr. Josef Weiss).
1970 Benjamin Oliver Davis b. 1877 American soldier. First African-American U.S. Army general (1940).
1956 Tommy Dorsey b. 1905 American bandleader of the Big Band Era, brother of Jimmy.
1954 Wallace Rupert Turnbull b. 1870 Canadian aviation pioneer. Inventor of the variable-pitch propeller (1927) used on airplanes.
1952 Sven Hedin b. 1865 Swedish explorer, scientist. His explorations (1899-1902) provided the first substantial knowledge of Tibet to the rest of the world.
1915 W. Atlee Burpee b. 1858 American seedsman. In 1876 at age 18, he founded what would become the world's largest mail-order seed company.
1883 Sojourner Truth b. circa 1790 ex-slave, abolitionist.
1836 John Loudon McAdam b. 1756 Scottish engineer. Creator of macadam road surface.
399 Saint Siricius b. ???? Italian religious leader, 38th Pope (384-399).