Today's History Trivia for November 27
1968 First Woman to Play Professional Basketball Penny Ann Early. She had just become the first female jockey. However, after earning her jockey's license, male jockeys refused to race with her in attempt to block her from competing. In response, the Kentucky Colonels of the American Basketball Association signed her to their team. She played briefly for one play. At 5′3″ and 114 pounds, she is also the smallest pro basketball player ever.
1095 First Crusade Pope Urban II begins the crusade with the goals of repelling invading Turks from Anatolia, the Christian re-conquest of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land, and the freeing of the Eastern Christians from Muslim rule. The crusade would last until 1099.
2001 First Extra-Solar Atmosphere The Hubble Space Telescope detects sodium in the atmosphere of the planet HD 209458 b, the first planetary atmosphere outside our solar system to be measured. It is about 150 light-years from Earth.
1992 Austria's Hofburg Palace catches on fire damage was estimated at $90,000,000.
1992 AIDS The successful use of adeno-associated virus (AAV) with an altered gene to combat AIDS in laboratory tests is announced by Science journal.
1985 Rocky IV premiers.
1951 The Dinah Shore Show debuts.
1914 First British Women Police Officers Mary Allen and E.F. Harburn begin patrolling in Grantham, Linclonshire.
1873 First major U.S. railroad tunnel The Hoosac Tunnel in Massachusetts is completed, remaining the longest until 1927. Its construction had begun in 1851. It also provided the first practical use of the newly discovered explosive nitroglycerin.
1826 First white man to cross the Mohave Desert American explorer Jedediah Smith arrives in San Diego. He and his crew had set out form the Great Salt Lake, Utah in August.
1755 First Jewish settlement in America Joseph Salvador establishes one in South Carolina.
Today's Birthdays for November 27
1746 Robert R. Livingston d. 1813 American patriot, member of the Continental Congress. He was a member of the "Committee of Five" that drafted the Declaration of Independence, along with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Roger Sherman. He administered the oath of office to George Washington in 1789.
1971 Kelly Bundy character on the TV show Married… With Children.
1970 Erik Menéndez American murderer. In 1989, he and his brother, Lyle, committed the shotgun murders of their wealthy parents in their Los Angeles home. After highly-publicized trials, they are both serving life sentences.
1969 Michael and James Lanier American giants. World's tallest identical twins, 7 ft. 3 in. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1964 Robin Givens American actress and ex-wife of Mike Tyson. TV: Head of the Class (Darlene).
1963 Fisher Stevens (Stephen Fisher), American actor. TV: Key West (star).
1957 Caroline Bouvier Kennedy American author, attorney, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan. She is the last surviving child of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy.
1955 Bill Nye the Science Guy (William Sanford Nye), American actor, science educator. TV: PBS children's science show Bill Nye the Science Guy (1993–98, host).
1945 Barbara Anderson American Emmy-winning actress. TV: Ironside (Eve Whitfield).
1941 Eddie Rabbitt d. 1998 (Edward Thomas Rabbitt), American singer, songwriter. Music: Every Which Way But Loose (1978, #1) and I Love a Rainy Night (1980, #1).
1932 Benigno Aquino Jr d. 1983 Philippine politician, dissident. He was assassinated at the Manila airport upon returning to the Philippines.
1874 Charles Austin Beard d. 1948 American historian, known for his economic interpretation of history, co-author with his wife of The Rise of American Civilization (1927).
1874 Chaim Weizmann d. 1952 Israeli statesman, biochemist, instrumental in the Balfour Declaration (1917), which established a national home for Jews in Palestine and served as Israel's first president (1948-52).
1857 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington d. 1952 English physiologist. He shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in medicine with E.D. Adrian for the discovery of the neurons.
1843 Elizabeth "Long Liz" Stride d. 1888 English crime victim. She is the third known victim of Jack the Ripper. She was not mutilated like the other victims. It is believed the Ripper was interrupted during this crime, as he went on to murder and mutilate another woman an hour later.
1701 Anders Celsius d. 1744 Swedish astronomer, inventor of the Celsius (centigrade) thermometer (1742).
Deaths for November 27
2011 Ken Russell b. 1927 British director. Film: Women In Love (1969), The Music Lover (1971), and Altered States (1979).
1988 John Carradine b. 1906 (Richmond Reed Carradine), American actor.
1975 Ross McWhirter b. 1925 British writer, political activist, co-founder, with his twin brother Norris, of Guinness Book of Records (1954). He was assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) after offering a £50,000 reward for information leading to a conviction for several bombings in England that were publicly claimed by the IRA.
1953 Eugene Gladstone O'Neill b. 1888 American Nobel-Pulitzer-winning playwright, works include The Iceman Cometh (1946).
1946 Jonah LeRoy "Doane" Robinson b. 1856 American historian, South Dakota's state historian. He conceived the idea for Mount Rushmore in order to attract tourism to South Dakota (1923). He also helped design South Dakota's state flag.
1934 Baby Face Nelson b. 1908 (George Nelson), American criminal, member of John Dillinger's gang.
1901 Clement Studebaker b. 1831 American carriage manufacturer. He and his brothers founded H & C Studebaker Company, which built Conestoga wagons and carriages. The Studebaker company didn't begin making their famous automobiles until 1904, several years after his death.
1895 Alexandre Dumas b. 1824 (Dumas fils), French author, playwright. Writings: Camille (1852) and The Natural Son (1858).
1852 Ada Lovelace b. 1815 (Augusta Ada King-Noel, Countess of Lovelace), English mathematician and the first computer programmer (1842). She is chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's (the father of computers) mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include an algorithm to calculate Bernoulli numbers. This is recognized as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine, making her the first computer programmer.
1812 John Dunlap b. 1747 American printer, publisher, he and David C. Claypoole published the first successful daily newspaper in U.S., the Pennsylvania Packet & General Advertiser (Sept 21, 1784). He also printed the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
b. 65 B.C.
(Quintus Horatius Flaccus), Roman poet. He was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).