Today's History Trivia for November 28
1942 Deadliest Nightclub Fire in History A fire at the Coconut Grove nightclub in Boston kills 491 people. This is the second deadliest fire in U.S. history, with the 1903 Chicago Iroquois Theater fire killing 602.
1895 First U.S. Automobile Race It ran from Chicago to Evanston, Illinois and back (54 miles/87 km). It was won by Charles and Frank Duryea with an average speed of 7 mph (11 km/h). The race was initially postponed by police who would not allow them to drive their contraptions on city streets.
1995 55 mph Speed Limit Abolished U.S. Pres. Clinton signs into the law the act returning control of speed limits to the states. The allowed states to exceed the previously mandated maximum speed of 55 mph. The law had been in effect since 1974.
1981 Bear Bryant The football legend scores his 315th victory, making him the winningest college football coach ever.
1964 First Successful Flyby of Mars NASA launches the Mariner 4. In July 1965 it flew by Mars capturing the first images of another planet ever returned from deep space.
1929 Most points scored by a single player in pro football game, Ernie Nevers for the Chicago Cardinals scores 40 points against the Chicago Bears.
1925 Grand Ole Opry The radio show goes on the air. Broadcast from Nashville and called WSM Barn Dance, the name would change to Grand Ole Opry two years later.
1922 First U.S. Skywriting Used For Advertising Royal Air Force Capt. Cyril Turner writes "Hello USA Call Vanderbilt 7200" 10,000 feet above Times Square in New York City. The half-mile-high letters generated 47,000 calls in 2½ hours.
1919 First woman elected to the British Parliament American-born Viscountess Lady Astor is elected to the House of Commons.
1785 The U.S. State of Franklin The U.S. state is denied its legitimacy by Congress, and the territory is returned to the Cherokee Indians. It had been created in 1784 when East Tennessee declared itself an independent state.
1775 Continental Navy is established, during the American Revolution.
Today's Birthdays for November 28
Anna Nicole Smith
(Vickie Lynn Hogan), American actress, model, Playmate of the Year (1993). At age 26, she married 89-year-old billionaire J. Howard Marshall. She died of an accidental overdose from a combination of drugs she was taking to fight a stomach flu.
1962 Jon Stewart (Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz), American Emmy-Grammy-winning comedian, TV host. TV: The Daily Show (1999-2015, host). Recordings: America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction (2004, Grammy for Best Comedy Album).
1959 Judd Nelson American actor. Film: The Breakfast Club (1985), St. Elmo's Fire (1985), and New Jack City (1991).
1950 Ed Harris American Oscar-Tony-Emmy-winning actor. Movies: The Right Stuff (1983), Apollo 13 (1995), A Beautiful Mind (2001), Snowpiercer (2013).
1949 Paul Shaffer Canadian-American band leader. TV: Late Night with David Letterman.
1943 Randy Newman American singer, songwriter. Music: Short People (1977).
1939 Gary Troxel American singer. With the high school group The Fleetwoods. Music: Come Softly to Me (1959, #1) and Mr. Blue (1959, #1).
1936 Gary Hart (Gary Warren Hartpence), American politician, U.S. senator (D-Colorado). His bid for the 1988 Presidency was cut short by a photograph of 29-year-old model Donna Rice sitting on his lap. In 2000, he revealed that he is the political thriller writer John Blackthorn, whose books include Sins of the Fathers and I, Che Guevara.
1933 Hope Lange d. 2003 American Oscar-Emmy-winning actress. Film: Peyton Place (1957, Selena Cross). TV: The Ghost and Mrs. Muir (1968-70, Mrs. Muir, for which she won back-to-back Emmys).
1929 Berry Gordy Jr American songwriter, record producer. Founder of Motown Records (1959), which was the first all-black record company.
1857 Alfonso XII d. 1885 King of Spain (1874-85).
1837 John Wesley Hyatt d. 1920 American inventor. He invented the first commercially viable method of producing celluloid (1869), the first successful plastic. He is also noted for his work in roller bearings, water purification, billiard balls, bowling balls, and checkers.
1772 Luke Howard d. 1864 British chemist, meteorologist, Father of Meteorology. He created the naming system for clouds (1802) which included: cumulus, stratus, and cirrus.
1632 Jean-Baptiste Lully d. 1687 (Giovanni Battista Lulli), Italian-born French composer. While conducting a Te Deum in honor of King Louis XIV's recent recovery from illness, he struck his toe with the staff he was using to keep beat. The wound turned gangrenous, but Lully refused to have his toe amputated and the gangrene spread resulting in his death several months later.
Deaths for November 28
2014 Brumsic Brandon Jr b. 1927 American cartoonist. Creator of Luther (1969-86). Luther was one of the earliest mainstream comic strips to star an African-American in the lead role. Writings: Luther, from inner city.
2010 Leslie Nielsen b. 1926 Canadian-born actor. Film: Forbidden Planet (1956), Airplane! (1980), and The Naked Gun (1988, Lt. Frank Drebin).
1993 Garry Moore b. 1915 (Thomas Garrison Morfit), American entertainer. TV: The Garry Moore Show, I've Got A Secret (host), and To Tell the Truth (host).
1977 Trevor Bardette b. 1902 (Terva Gaston Hubbard), American actor. TV: The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp (Old Man Clanton).
1969 Roy Barcroft b. 1902 (Howard N. Ravenscroft), American cowboy actor. Appeared in over 200 films - mostly B-Westerns - and numerous movie serials and TV shows.
1954 Enrico Fermi b. 1901 Italian-born American physicist, one of the pioneers of the nuclear age. He led the team which performed the first controlled nuclear chain reaction (1942).
1949 Simon of HMS Amethyst b. circa 1948 ship's cat, "Able Seacat". The first cat to be awarded the Dicken Medal (the equivalent of the Victoria Cross for animals). He survived injuries from a cannon shell during the Yangtze incident and killed off a rat infestation aboard ship. See full story.
1945 Dwight Filley Davis b. 1879 American politician, tennis player, U.S. Secretary of War (1925-29), awarded (1923) the Distinguished Service Cross, national tennis doubles champion (1899-1901), and founder of the Davis Cup (1900).
1939 James Naismith b. 1861 American gym instructor. He invented basketball while an instructor for the YMCA (1891). A few years later basketball was banned by the YMCA, which claimed not enough people could play at one time.
1859 Washington Irving b. 1783 American author. Writings: Rip Van Winkle (1819) and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1819). He also wrote under the names Diedrich Knickerbocker, Geoffrey Corson, Anthony Evergreen, and Jonathan Oldstyle.