Today's History Trivia for November 29
1929 First Person to Fly Over the South Pole American explorer Richard E. Byrd. For his achievement, Byrd was promoted to rear admiral by a special act of Congress. At 41 years old, this made him the youngest admiral in the history of the United States Navy.
1864 Sand Creek Massacre Between 70-163 disarmed Native Americans who were awaiting terms of surrender are attacked and slaughtered by a 675-man force of the Colorado U.S. Volunteer Cavalry led by Col. John M. Chivington at Sand Creek, Colorado. Most of the Indians were women and children.
1990 Gulf War In response to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait, the United Nations sets a deadline of January 15th for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
1961 First U.S. Animal to Orbit the Earth Enos, a 5-year-old chimpanzee, is launched aboard the Mercury-Atlas 5 satellite. He orbited the Earth twice and was recovered later in the day.
1960 The Beatles Paul McCartney and then-drummer Pete Best are arrested for arson. They had lit a makeshift candle made from a condom that scorched a concrete wall while moving out the living space provided to them by a club owner in Hamburg, Germany. He had just terminated their contract.
1951 First underground atomic explosion The U.S. explodes a device at Frenchman Flat, Nevada. It left an 800-foot wide by 100-foot deep crater.
1948 Kukla, Fran and Ollie The children's TV show debuts on NBC. Fran Allison and the Kuklapolitan Players had been a local hit for a year on a Chicago TV station.
1947 State of Israel The UN General Assembly adopts United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine as Resolution 181(II). It recommended the creation of independent Arab and Jewish States and a Special International Regime for the city of Jerusalem.
1941 WWII - Coffee rationing The U.S. begins rationing coffee as a result of World War II. This remained in effect until 1943.
1890 First Army-Navy football game Navy wins 24-0.
1877 Phonograph Edison gives his first public demonstration of his talking machine. He recorded his recitation of Mary had a little lamb onto a tinfoil cylinder and then played it back.
1492 Smoking Columbus first notes in his diary the smoking of tobacco by the Indians.
Today's Birthdays for November 29
1849 Sir John Ambrose Fleming d. 1945 English engineer. He patented the first vacuum tube (1904, also known as the thermionic valve), revolutionizing the wireless telegraph and ushered in the age of modern electronics. He also made numerous contributions to the development of the telephone and electric lighting.
1968 Jon Knight (Jonathan Rasleigh Knight), American pop musician, member of New Kids on the Block.
1962 Andrew McCarthy American actor. Movies: St. Elmo's Fire (1985), Pretty in Pink (1986), and Weekend at Bernie's (1989).
1955 Howie Mandel Canadian comic actor. TV: St. Elsewhere (Dr. Wayne Fiscus), America's Got Talent, and Deal or No Deal.
1949 Gary Shandling d. 2016 American comic actor. TV: It's Gary Shandling's Show (1986-90), The Larry Sanders Show (1992-98), and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson (guest host).
1940 Dennis Doherty d. 2007 Canadian folk singer, with The Mamas and The Papas. Music: California Dreamin' (1965) and Monday, Monday (1966, #1).
1940 Chuck Mangione American Grammy-winning musician. Music: Feels So Good (1977).
1935 Diane Ladd (Rose Diane Ladner), American actress. Film: Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974, waitress Flo). TV: Alice (waitress Belle Dupree).
1933 David Reuben American psychiatrist, author of Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Sex* (But Were Afraid to Ask) (1969).
1928 Paul Simon d. 2003 American politician, U.S. Senator (1985-97, Democrat Illinois). Known for his bowtie and horn-rimmed glasses.
1927 Vincent Scully American sportscaster, game-show host. His 67 seasons with the Dodgers (1950-2016), is the longest of any broadcaster with a single team in professional sports history. TV: Challenge of the Sexes,It Takes Two, and The Vin Scully Show.
1923 Frank Reynolds d. 1983 American anchorman. TV: ABC Evening News.
1898 C. S. Lewis d. 1963 (Clive Staples Lewis), British author, Christian apologist. Books: The Allegory of Love (1936), The Screwtape Letters (1942), Out of the Silent Planet (1938), and The Chronicles of Narnia (1950-56).
1876 Nellie Tayloe Ross d. 1977 American politician, first woman state governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), and the first woman director of the U.S. Mint (1933).
1825 Jean-Martin Charcot d. 1893 French physician. He and Guillaume Duchenne founded modern neurology. As one of his pupils, Sigmund Freud's interest in the psychological aspects of neurosis was initiated by his use of hypnosis.
1816 Morrison Remick Waite d. 1888 American jurist, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1874-88).
1803 Christian Johann Doppler d. 1853 Austrian physicist. He discovered the "Doppler effect" (1842, The frequency of a wave is relative to the motion between its source and observer).
Deaths for November 29
2004 John Drew Barrymore b. 1932 (John Blythe Barrymore, Jr.), American actor, son of John Barrymore and father of Drew Barrymore. In 1980, he swiped his father's body from its grave in order to fulfill his father's wish for cremation. Even though his father's will specified cremation when he died in 1942, his body was entombed by the deceased's brother due to religious beliefs.
1999 Gene Rayburn b. 1917 American TV personality. TV: The Match Game (emcee).
1992 Robert Shayne b. 1910 (Robert Shaen Dawe), American actor. TV: The Adventures of Superman (Inspector Henderson).
1991 Ralph Bellamy b. 1904 American Tony-winning actor. Stage: Sunrise at Campobello (1958, Pres. Roosevelt, Tony Award), The Winds of War (Pres. Roosevelt), Rosemary's Baby (1968, evil doctor), Trading Places (1983, conniving billionaire), and as Ellery Queen in the films of the 1940s.
1986 Cary Grant b. 1904 (Archibald Leach), British-born Oscar-winning actor. Film: North By Northwest (1959) and That Touch of Mink (1962).
1984 Miss Baker b. circa 1957 Peruvian-born squirrel monkey, in 1958 she was flown into space by the U.S. to prove that primates could survive space travel.
(Natalia Nikolaevna Zakharenko, billed as Natasha Gurdin by the age of four), American actress. Film: Miracle on 34th Street (1947, as the little girl who trusted Santa Claus) and Rebel Without a Cause (1955, Judy). She drowned off the side of her yacht while it was docked. She had a fear of water since almost drowning as a child while filming The Green Promise (1949).
1924 Giacomo Puccini b. 1858 Italian operatic composer. Operas: La Bohème (1896), Tosca (1900) and Madama Butterfly (1904).
1872 Horace Greeley b. 1811 American editor, author, co-founder of the New Yorker (1834), founder of the New York Tribune (1841), and famous for the phrase "Go West, young man."
b. circa 1475
English statesman and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He founded Cardinal College at Oxford (later King's College, and now Christ Church).
1378 Charles IV b. 1316 Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and King of Bohemia (1347-78).
1268 Clement IV b. circa 1195 French-born religious leader, 183rd Pope (1265-68). He renewed the prohibition of the Talmud and ordered that the Jews of Aragon submit their books for censorship.