Today's History Trivia for November 30
Signed into law by U.S. President Bill Clinton. It mandated federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the United States, and imposed a five-day waiting period on purchases.
1982 Thriller Michael Jackson's album is released. It became the world's best-selling album (65,000,000 copies) and won a record-breaking 8 Grammy Awards. It was one of the first albums to successfully use music videos for promotion. The videos for "Thriller", "Billie Jean" and "Beat It" all received regular rotation on MTV.
1956 First Tape-Delayed Television Broadcast CBS uses an Ampex tape recorder to tape-delay the evening CBS News broadcast with Douglas Edwards. The newly-developed recorder cost about $45,000 and a one-hour tape cost $300.
2005 First Black Archbishop in the Church of England Rev. John Sentamu becomes the 97th Archbishop of York - the second highest post in the Church of England.
1999 ExxonMobil Exxon and Mobil combine in a US$73.7 billion dollar merger agreement in what was the largest corporate merger of the time.
1988 Largest Merger to Date RJR Nabisco is purchased for $25 billion.
1954 Only known meteorite to injure a person Mrs. Ann Hodges is struck by one in Alabama.
1940 Minnie Pearl The comedienne makes her first appearance on the radio show Grand Ole Opry. She would continue making appearances for over 50 years.
1930 Fred Allen makes his radio debut.
1924 RCA demonstrates wireless transmission of pictures from London to New York.
1875 Biscuit Cutter The first patent for a biscuit cutter is issued to former slave Alexander Ashbourne. A spring-loaded metal plate with various shapes would press down on the dough.
1782 American Revolution A provisional treaty of peace is signed between Britain and the U.S.
1706 The Church of England is declared by law the official religion of South Carolina. This remained in effect until 1778.
Today's Birthdays for November 30
1939 Chandra Bahadur Dangi d. 2015 Napali little person. Measuring 54.6 cm (1 ft 9 1⁄2 in) tall, he is the shortest man for whom there is irrefutable evidence. Dangi was a primordial dwarf. Source: Guinness World Records.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
British statesman, UK Prime Minister (1940-45, 51-55), Nobel-winning author (1953). He coined the expression "Iron Curtain" (1946).
(Samuel Langhorne Clemens), American author, steamboat pilot, creator of Tom Sawyer (1876) and Huckleberry Finn (1885).
1978 Clay Aiken (Clayton Holmes Grissom), American singer, songwriter. He placed 2nd on American Idol (2003). Music: Measure of Man (2003). Writings: Learning to Sing: Hearing the Music in Your Life (2004, New York Times bestseller).
1965 Ben Stiller American comedian. TV: Saturday Night Live and The Ben Stiller Show.
1962 Bo Jackson American football and baseball player. He is the only player in history named to both a baseball All-Star game and a football Pro-Bowl game.
1955 Billy Idol (William Broad), British singer. Music: Dancing With Myself (1980), White Wedding (1983), Rebel Yell (1984), Eyes Without a Face (1984), and Mony Mony (1987, #1).
1937 Sir Ridley Scott Emmy-winning English film director/producer. Movies: Alien (1979), Blade Runner (1982), Thelma & Louise (1991).
(Abbott Hoffman), American political activist of the 1960s and leader of the Yippie (Youth International Party) movement. Hoffman was initially convicted of conspiracy and inciting to riot as a result of his role in the protests leading to violent confrontations with police during the 1968 Democratic National Convention. He was tried as part of the group known as the "Chicago Seven." Their convictions were overturned on appeal.
1930 G. Gordon Liddy (George Gordon Battle Liddy), American lawyer. He was the chief operative in the White House Plumbers (1971) during Richard Nixon's presidency. Five of his operatives were arrested inside the Democratic National Committee offices (1972), leading to the Watergate investigation and eventual resignation of Pres. Nixon. Liddy was convicted of conspiracy, burglary, and illegal wiretapping and served nearly 52 months in federal prison.
1929 Dick Clark d. 2012 (Richard Augustus Wagstaff Clark Jr.), American Emmy-winning, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame host. His show American Bandstand popularized the phrase, "It's got a good beat and you can dance to it." "For now, Dick Clark - so long!" TV: American Bandstand (1957-87) and host of the Times Square New Year's Eve celebrations (1972-2005).
1927 Robert Guillaume (Robert Peter Williams), actor. TV: Benson (Benson DuBois).
1926 Richard Crenna d. 2003 American Emmy-winning actor. Film: The Flamingo Kid (1984) and First Blood (1982, Rambo's former commanding officer). TV: Our Miss Brooks (Walter Denton, 1952-56) and The Real McCoys (Luke, 1957-63).
1918 Efrem Zimbalist Jr d. 2014 American actor. TV: 77 Sunset Strip (Stuart Bailey) and The F.B.I (Lewis Erskine).
1894 Donald Ogden Stewart d. 1980 American Oscar-winning screenwriter. Film: Laughter (1930), The Prison of Zenda (1937), and The Philadelphia Story (1940, Oscar).
1889 Edgar Douglas Adrian d. 1977 1st Baron of Cambridge, English physiologist, shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in medicine with Sir Charles Sherrington for work in the field of nerve impulses.
1819 Cyrus West Field d. 1892 American financier, laid the first transatlantic telegraph cable (1858). It failed after only a month of operation. He failed again in a second attempt in 1865 before succeeding in 1866.
1810 Oliver Fisher Winchester d. 1880 American gun maker. He developed the Winchester rifle (1866).
Deaths for November 30
2007 Evel Knievel b. 1938 (Robert Craig Knievel), American motorcycle stunt rider, breaking 37 bones during his stunt career. He also won the Northern Rocky Mountain Ski Association Class A Men's ski jumping championship (1957).
2003 Gertrude Caroline Ederle b. 1905 American swimmer. She was the first woman to swim the English Channel (1926) and winner of three medals, including a gold, in the 1924 Olympics. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1996 Tiny Tim b. 1932 (Herbert Buckingham Khaury), American ukulele-playing singer. Music: Tiptoe Through the Tulips (1968). His 1969 marriage to Miss Viki on the Tonight Show attracted 40 million viewers.
1994 Lionel Stander b. 1908 American actor. TV: Hart to Hart (Max the Chauffeur).
1990 Norman Cousins b. 1915 American publisher, political journalist, editor of Saturday Review (1942-71). Quote: Nixon's motto was, if two wrongs don't make a right, try three. Source: Fifth 637 Best Things Anybody Ever Said
1979 Zeppo Marx b. 1901 (Herbert Manfred Marx), American comedian, one of the Marx Brothers. He was the youngest of the Marx Brothers, appearing in the first five Marx Brothers feature films (1929-33). He left the act to start a career as an engineer and theatrical agent, becoming a multi-millionaire due to his engineering efforts.
1944 Albert Bacon Fall b. 1861 American senator, first member of a president's cabinet convicted of a crime (1929). While Pres. Harding's Secretary of the Interior, he was convicted of accepting a $100,000 bribe. He was sentenced to one year in prison and fined $100,000.
1930 Mother Jones b. 1830 (Mary Harris Jones), Irish-born American labor leader, agitator, and advocate for striking workers. Jones worked as a teacher and dressmaker, but after her husband and four children all died of yellow fever (1867) and her dress shop was destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire (1871), she began working as an organizer for the Knights of Labor and the United Mine Workers union. She also fought against the lax child labor laws in the Pennsylvania mines and silk mills.
1922 James Robert Mann b. 1856 American politician. U.S. Representative (1897–1922, Illinois). He authored the Mann Act (1910), also known as the White Slave Act. It prohibited the transportation of women across state lines for immoral purposes.
1901 Edward John Eyre b. 1815 British colonial governor, explorer, governor of St. Vincent (1854-60), Antigua (1860-62), and Jamaica (1864-66), and for whom Lake Eyre in South Australia is named.
1900 Oscar Wilde b. 1854 Irish-born British author. He was imprisoned (1895-97) for his homosexuality. His last words were, "Either that wallpaper goes, or I do." Writings: The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), and The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898, which described his prison experience).
1830 Pius VIII b. 1761 Italian religious leader, 253rd Pope (1829-30).
1694 Marcello Malpighi b. 1628 Italian physician. Founder of microscopic anatomy, and the first to view (1661) capillary circulation.