Today's History Trivia for October 13
1988 Shroud of Turin Believed by many to be Christ's burial cloth, it is announced that carbon dating had determined it to be a fake created no earlier than the 13th century. This date coincides with the first-known exhibition of the shroud in France in 1357.
Rugby Team Eats Their Dead
A flight containing members of the Uruguayan Old Christians Rugby team crashes in the Andes. They would have to resort to cannibalism to survive the 72 days until their rescue. Only 16 of the 45 people onboard survived. Twelve died in the crash or shortly thereafter; another five died by the next morning; and one more succumbed to injuries on the eighth day. Many had suffered injuries from the crash, including broken legs from the aircraft's seats piling together. On October 29th, an avalanche cascaded down on the survivors as they slept in the fuselage, killing eight more. Others died of their injuries and exposure.
1992 Record around-the-world flight by a commercial aircraft An Air France Concorde makes the flight in 33 hours, 1 minute.
1992 Domestic Partnership California passes an ordinance giving legal recognition to unmarried couples, including those of the same sex.
1976 A 3,300-year-old mummy is identified as King Tut's grandmother, Queen Tiy (1397-1360 BC).
1972 Worst Commercial Air Disaster A Soviet jet crashes in Moscow killing all 174 persons aboard. It was the worst commercial air disaster up to that date in history. The plane was descending for landing, but never returned to horizontal flight and crashed into the ground with landing gear still up at a speed of (385.2 mph) 620 km/h. The cause of the crash had never been determined, but the pilots either had been incapacitated or lost control of the plane.
1967 First official game of the American Basketball Association (ABA): The Oakland Oaks defeat the Anaheim Amigos (134-129).
1947 Kukla, Fran and Ollie debuts locally on Chicago's WBKB-TV. Fran Allison and the Kuklapolitan Players were picked up by NBC the following year.
1943 World War II - Italy Declares War on Germany Italy declares war on their former Axis partner Germany. Italy, after deposing Mussolini and surrendering to the U.S., began cooperation with the Allies to drive Germany out of Italy.
1903 First World Series Boston of the American League defeats Pittsburgh of the National League five games to three.
1860 First aerial photograph of the U.S. James Wallace Black takes a photograph of Boston from a balloon tethered 1,200 feet above the city.
1843 B'nai B'rith (Sons of the Covenant): The first Jewish fraternal society in the U.S. is formed by Henry Jones and 11 other Jewish men in New York City.
1812 War of 1812 - Battle of Queenstown Heights 1,000 U.S. troops are injured or killed just north of Niagara Falls in battle against the British.
1807 Sodium discovered English scientist Humphry Davy obtains atomic element 11 by electrolyzing caustic soda.
1792 White House The Cornerstone is laid by Pres. George Washington. He is the only president to never have lived there.
1775 U.S. Navy Congress establishes the service by authorizing the construction of two warships and appointing a Marine Committee in response to the news that the British fleet was coming.
Today's Birthdays for October 13
1969 Nancy Kerrigan American figure skater. She won bronze in the 1992 Olympics and was the U.S. Champion (1993). Shortly before the 1994 Olympics, she was attacked by a man with a club. The attack was planned by rival Tonya Harding's ex-husband. Kerrigan went on to win silver.
1967 Javier Sotomayor Cuban high jumper, first to break the 8-foot barrier (1989).
1959 Marie Osmond American singer with the Osmonds and brother Donny. Music: Paper Roses (1973, #1) and Meet Me In Montana (1985, #1).
1947 Sammy Hagar American singer. Music: Bad Motor Scooter (1973) and I Can't Drive 55 (1984). In 1986, he replaced David Lee Roth in Van Halen.
1946 Demond Wilson American actor. TV: Sanford and Son (Lamont - son).
1941 Paul Simon American singer-songwriter, formerly teamed with Art Garfunkel. Music: 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover (1975, #1).
1926 Ray Brown d. 2002 American Grammy-winning jazz string bassist. Performed with Dizzy Gillespie in the late '40s. He was married to Ella Fitzgerald (1947-52).
(Leonard A. Schneider), American "blue" comedian, author of How to Talk Dirty and Influence People: An Autobiography (1965). He was deported from Britain in 1963, arrested for obscenity on several occasions, and banned from Australia after his first performance there.
1921 Yves Montand d. 1991 (Ivo Livi), Italian-born French singer, actor. Film: The Wages of Fear (1953) and Let's Make Love (1960).
1920 Laraine Day d. 2007 (La Raine Johnson), American actress. After her marriage to baseball manager Leo Durocher, she took an interest in the sport and became known as "The First Lady of Baseball." TV: Dr. Kildare (Nurse Lamont).
1918 Robert Walker d. 1951 American actor. Film: Bataan (1943), The Clock (1945), Strangers on a Train (1951, the psychopathic killer in Hitchcock's thriller).
1917 Burr Tillstrom d. 1985 American Emmy-winning puppeteer. TV: Kukla, Fran, and Ollie (creator and operator of the puppets).
1912 Cornel Wilde d. 1989 (Cornelius Wilde), Hungarian-American actor. Film: A Song to Remember (1945, Chopin). He quit the 1936 U.S. Olympic fencing team to pursue his acting career.
1821 Rudolf Virchow d. 1902 German scientist, political leader, "Founder of Cellular Pathology."
1754 Molly Pitcher d. 1832 (Mary Hays McCauley), American Revolutionary War heroine. She risked her life to carry water to the troops during the Battle of Monmouth (June 1778) and operated her husband's cannon after he was wounded. For her bravery, Gen. Washington made her a noncommissioned officer.
Deaths for October 13
2016 Bhumibol Adulyadej b. 1927 King of Thailand (1946-2016). His wealth was estimated at US$30 billion.
2012 Gary Collins b. 1938 American Emmy-winning actor, talk-show host. TV: Hour Magazine (1980-88), The Home Show (1989-94), and Miss America Pageant (1982-90, host).
2009 Al Martino b. 1927 (Alfred Cini), American singer, actor. Music: Here in My Heart (1952, #1 U.S. and was also #1 on the first U.K. Singles Chart), Spanish Eyes (1965), and Volare (1975). Film: The Godfather (1972, singer Johnny Fontane, on whose behalf the Godfather makes someone an offer they can't refuse). He was also wounded at the WWII Battle of Iwo Jima where he witnessed the famous flag raising.
1993 Ruth Gilbert b. 1912 actress. TV: Milton Berle Show (Max the scatterbrained secretary; Her plea, "Let's not fight this, Mil-l-ton, it's bigger than both of us," became a nation catchphrase). Film: Alice in Wonderland (1931 - the first sound version of the classic, Alice).
1990 Douglas Edwards b. 1917 American broadcaster. He was the first American network news TV anchorman (1948 CBS).
1977 Jackie Condon b. 1918 (John Condon), American child actor, one of the original Little Rascals. He appeared in 78 Our Gang films.
1974 Ed Sullivan b. 1901 American Broadway columnist, TV personality, host of a "Really big shew" for 23 years.
1968 Bea Benaderet b. 1906 American actress, voice of Betty Ruble on The Flintstones, Blanche Morton of The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show, and Shady Rest Hotel owner Kate Bradley of Petticoat Junction.
1945 Milton Snavely Hershey b. 1857 American candy-maker. Invented the Hershey bar (1894).
1825 Maximilian I b. 1756 King of Bavaria (1806-25).
1795 William Prescott b. 1726 American soldier. At the Battle of Bunker Hill (1775), he proclaimed, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."
A.D. 54 Claudius I b. 10 B.C. Roman Emperor (41-54 A.D.). Took office after the murder of Caligula. He was killed by his fourth wife Agrippina.