Today's History Trivia for October 14
1944 Erwin Rommel Forced Suicide Once Hitler's favorite general and WWI hero, Erwin Rommel is given the choice of suicide or trial and execution. He had been implicated in the July 20, 1944 assassination attempt on Hitler. Proclaiming his innocence, he chose suicide in order to protect his family and staff.
1994 First woman to walk around the world 27-year-old Briton Ffyona Campbell completes her 11-year journey when she arrived in John O'Groat's Scotland.
1992 World's most prolific serial killer Andrei Chikatilo, a Russia school teacher, is convicted of dismembering and cannibalizing 52 women and children over a 12-year period. He was executed in 1994. Another man had already been mistakenly executed for these crimes.
1972 Kung Fu The TV series debuts on ABC, starring David Carradine as Cain, alias Grasshopper.
1968 First TV Broadcast From Space From Apollo 7.
1964 Martin Luther King, Jr. The black civil-rights leader is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis The U.S. Air Force photographs Soviet missiles and a Soviet nuclear missile construction site in Cuba.
1950 The Adventures of Ellery Queen debuts on DuMont.
1947 First level supersonic flight Charles E. Yeager reaches Mach 1.015 at during level flight at 42,000 feet.
1912 Pres. Roosevelt Shot The U.S. President is shot in chest by John Schrank in Milwaukee. Despite the wound, he insisted on delivering his speech before being taken to the hospital.
1656 Religious Freedom Massachusetts enacts a fine for harboring Quakers. Quakers entering the jurisdiction after punishment would lose one ear. For the second offense they would lose the other ear, and for the third offense their tongue would be bored through with a hot iron.
Today's Birthdays for October 14
1952 Harry Anderson American actor. TV: Night Court (Judge Stone).
1939 Ralph Lauren American fashion designer.
1927 Roger Moore English actor. Film: The James Bond movies (1973-85, "Bond, James Bond"). TV: The Saint (Simon Templar).
1916 C. Everett Koop former U.S. Surgeon General.
1910 John Wooden d. 2010 American basketball Hall of Fame player and Hall of Fame coach (He was the first person to achieve both honors), winner of 10 NCAA National Championships while at UCLA. Generally considered the greatest coach in history. Quote: Failing to prepare is preparing to fail. Source: Fifth 637 Best Things Anybody Ever Said
1894 e.e. cummings d. 1962 (Edward Estlin Cummings), American poet. Writings: The Enormous Room (1922) describing his imprisonment by the French after being mistaken for a spy.
1877 Grace Gebbie Wiedersheim Drayton d. 1936 cartoonist. Famous for her drawings of The Campbell Kids (1905).
1857 Elwood Haynes d. 1925 American automobile pioneer. He developed the first U.S. automobile (1894). He also discovered tungsten chrome steel (1881) and patented stainless steel (1919). Source: Myth Information: More Than 590 Popular Misconceptions, Fallacies, and Misbeliefs Explained!
1784 Ferdinand VII d. 1833 King of Spain (1808-33). It was during his rule that most of the Spanish possessions in Latin America rebelled and won their independence.
1644 William Penn d. 1718 English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania. He was expelled from the Christ Church College, Oxford in 1662 and jailed several times for his religious beliefs.
Deaths for October 14
1977 Bing Crosby b. 1903 (Harry Lillis Crosby, Jr.), American Oscar-winning actor, singer. He has sold over a billion records. Film: Going My Way (1944, Oscar as Father O'Malley). His 1942 recording of White Christmas sold 25,000,000 copies.
1944 Erwin Rommel b. 1891 German general. "The Desert Fox," commander of the Afrika Korps during World War II. He was a highly decorated officer in WWI and was awarded the Pour le Mérite for his actions on the Italian Front. Although he supported Hitler's rise to power, Rommel was implicated in the July 20, 1944 assassination attempt on Hitler. For this, he was given the choice of suicide or execution. Proclaiming his innocence, he chose suicide in order to protect his family and staff.
1925 Eugen Sandow b. 1867 (Friedrich Wilhelm Müller), German strongman. "Father of Modern Bodybuilding." He organized the first bodybuilding contest (1901). Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (creator of Sherlock Holmes) was one of the judges.
2006 Freddy Fender b. 1937 (Baldemar Garza Huerta), American singer. He spent almost three years in Louisiana's infamous Angola prison for marijuana possession. Music: Before the Next Teardrop Falls (1974, #1) and Wasted Days and Wasted Nights (1975, #1).
1998 Cleveland Amory b. 1917 American author, animal rights activist, founder of Fund for Animals (1967). Writings: The Cat Who Came for Christmas and The Cat and the Curmudgeon.
1990 Leonard Bernstein b. 1918 American Emmy-Grammy-winning conductor, composer. Music: West Side Story (1957).
1986 Keenan Wynn b. 1916 (Francis Wynn), American actor. TV: Dallas (Digger Barnes). He appeared in over 200 films.
1959 Errol Flynn b. 1909 Australian-born American swashbuckling actor, known for both his on and off-screen performances. He was tried and acquitted in 1943 for statutory rape, resulting in the phrase "in like Flynn."
1929 Joe Borden b. 1854 American baseball player, pitched the first National League no-hitter (1876, for Boston).
1790 William Hooper b. 1742 American statesman, signer of the Declaration of Independence.