Today's History Trivia for October 16
The pilot for the show about seven castaways is finally aired - 28 years after the series began. Although the pilot was filmed in 1963, because of cast changes, it wasn't aired until 1992. The cast differed from the series with Kit Smythe as Ginger, John Gabriel as the high school science teacher/Professor, and Nancy McCarthy as Bunny (Ginger's co-worker from Kansas that became Mary Ann in the series).
1991 Luby's Cafeteria Massacre George Hennard drives his pick-up truck through the front window of the Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas and opens fire with semi-automatic weapons killing 23 people and wounding 27 others before killing himself. As he was shooting, he yelled, "All women of Killeen and Belton are vipers! This is what you've done to me and my family! This is what Bell County did to me. This is payback day!"
1946 Nuremberg Trials Executions Ten of the 12 former Nazi leaders who had been sentenced to death are hanged. Hermann Göring committed suicide the night before and Martin Bormann, who was convicted in absentia, had died the previous year.
1928 Not Knowing it Couldn't be Done, He Did It A patent is awarded for the first practical light bulb frosted on the inside. As a practical joke, new General Electric's National Electric Lamp Company employees were assigned the task of making a practical light bulb frosted on the inside, as it was believed impossible to do. Until new employee Marvin Pipkin was assigned this task - and did it.
1793 Marie Antoinette Guillotined Marie Antoinette, the Queen of France is guillotined for treason and attempting to incite a civil war. She was disliked by her people for her extravagances and politics.
2002 Iraq War The "Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq" is signed into law by President Bush authorizing what was soon to become the Iraq War.
1992 Topless woman found in a Where's Waldo puzzle The popular children's puzzle was reported to show a topless female sunbather baring her breasts.
1992 Genetically-Altered Food The "Flavr Savr" tomato becomes the first genetically-altered plant approved by the USDA for growing and transport without a special permit. It was approved for sale in 1994.
1992 $4,250,000 a Day John Haggin marries Roxanne Pulitzer. This caused his mother to cut him off from a $200,000,000 fortune. They filed for divorce December 2; that's about $4,250,000 a day.
1987 Jessica McClure The 18-month-old baby is rescued from a 22-foot-deep shaft she had fallen into 58½ hours earlier.
1985 Penn & Teller The magicians "magically" produce 500 live cockroaches and let them loose on The David Letterman Show.
1978 First Polish pope Pope John Paul II is elected.
1955 Ann Landers The column gets a new writer - Esther Pauline Friedman. Her twin sister writes the Dear Abby column.
1941 World War II Tojo Hideki becomes prime minister of Japan. He was executed in 1948 for war crimes committed during the war.
1925 Evolution Textbooks containing Darwin's theory of evolution are banned by the Texas State Text Book Board.
1920 First license for a commercial radio station is applied for, KDKA in Pittsburgh.
1859 Civil War John Brown captures the U.S. arsenal near Harper's Ferry. Two of his sons were killed in the battle and he was later captured by Col. Robert E. Lee and hanged.
1701 Yale University A charter is granted for a collegiate school in New Haven, Connecticut. It later became Yale University.
Today's Birthdays for October 16
1958 Tim Robbins American actor. Film: Howard the Duck (1986) and Bull Durham (1988).
1946 Suzanne Somers (Suzanne Mahoney), American actress. TV: Three's Company (Chrissy).
1943 C.F. "Fred" Turner Canadian singer, with Bachman-Turner Overdrive. Music: Takin' Care of Business (1974) and You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet (1974, #1).
1940 Barry Corbin American actor. TV: Northern Exposure (former astronaut Maurice).
1925 Angela Lansbury English Tony-winning actress. TV: Murder She Wrote (Jessica Fletcher).
1888 Eugene Gladstone O'Neill d. 1953 American Nobel-Pulitzer-winning playwright, works include The Iceman Cometh (1946).
1870 Wallace Rupert Turnbull d. 1954 Canadian aviation pioneer. Inventor of the variable-pitch propeller (1927) used on airplanes.
1854 Oscar Wilde d. 1900 Irish-born British author. He was imprisoned (1895-97) for his homosexuality. His last words were, "Either that wallpaper goes, or I do." Writings: The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), and The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898, which described his prison experience).
1797 Seventh Earl of Cardigan d. 1868 (James Thomas Brudenell), English soldier. He led the charge of the Light Brigade (1854) and for whom cardigan sweaters are named.
1758 Noah Webster d. 1843 American lexicographer, schoolmaster to America. Works: Blue-Backed Speller (1783) and An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828).
Deaths for October 16
1998 Jonathan Bruce Postel b. 1943 American computer scientist, Internet pioneer. Referred to as the "God of the Internet." He was responsible for assigning addresses to domain names and for editing RFCs (Request for Comments). Also known for Postel's Law: "Be conservative in what you do, be liberal in what you accept from others."
1793 Marie Antoinette b. 1755 Queen of France. Disliked by her people for her extravagances and politics, she was guillotined for treason and attempting to incite a civil war.
2010 Barbara Billingsley b. 1915 (Barbara Lillian Combes), American actress. TV: Leave It to Beaver (1957-63, June Cleaver). Film: Airplane! (1980, the elderly passenger who spoke jive).
2007 Deborah Kerr b. 1921 (Deborah Kerr-Trimmer), Scottish actress. Film: From Here to Eternity (1953) and The King and I (1956, Anna).
2005 Eugene Lee b. 1933 American actor. The Little Rascals (Spanky's little brother Porky). He appeared in 42 Our Gang films. "O-tay!"
2000 Rick Jason b. 1923 American actor. TV: Combat! (1962-67, Lt. Gil Hanley).
1997 James A. Michener b. 1907 American Pulitzer-winning author. Writings: Tales of the South Pacific (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1948), and The Bridges at Toko-ri (1953).
1992 Shirley Booth b. 1898 (Thelma Booth Ford), American Oscar-Tony-Emmy-winning actress. TV: Hazel (1961-66, title role).
1989 Cornel Wilde b. 1912 (Cornelius Wilde), Hungarian-American actor. Film: A Song to Remember (1945, Chopin). He quit the 1936 U.S. Olympic fencing team to pursue his acting career.
1946 Wilhelm Frick b. 1877 German Nazi politician. He became State Minister of the Interior and of Education in the coalition government of Thuringia, making him the first Nazi to hold any ministerial-level office in pre-Nazi Germany. He used his position to replace officials with Nazi Party members and banned several newspapers as well as pacifist drama and film performances. He was Reich Minister of the Interior in the Hitler Cabinet (1933-43) and as the last governor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II, he was tried and convicted of war crimes at the Nuremberg Trials and executed by hanging.
1730 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac b. 1658 French explorer. Founder of Detroit, Michigan (1701) and for whom the Cadillac automobile was named.
1591 Gregory XIV b. 1535 (Niccolò Sfondrato), religious leader, 229th Pope (1590-91).