Today's History Trivia for October 21
1992 Madonna's $50 book Sex hits the bookstores, complete with compact disc.
1979 Fastest Woman Norwegian runner Grete Waitz becomes the first woman to run a marathon in under 2½ hours (NYC, 2:27:32.6).
1972 My Ding-a-Ling Chuck Berry's audience participation song hits #1. It was his biggest hit.
1954 First James Bond Movie A live TV-broadcast of Ian Fleming's Casino Royale. It starred Barry Nelson, making him the first 007.
1942 World War II U.S. Navy pilot Rickenbacker's plane goes down in the South Pacific. He and two of his crew drifted on a raft for three weeks before they were rescued.
1925 Photoelectric cell The device is publicly demonstrated for the first time by its creators Westinghouse Electric, showing its ability to automatically open doors and count the number of times a light beam was interrupted.
1915 First transatlantic transmission of speech AT&T transmits from Arlington, Virginia to Paris.
1879 Incandescent Light Thomas A. Edison succeeds in making his electric light. It had taken about 1,200 experiments and cost more than $40,000 (about $850,00 in today's money). It operated for 13 hours. Although incandescent lights had been around for about 40 years, Edison's was the first practical one.
1805 Battle of Trafalgar The British Royal Navy defeats the Spanish and French fleets ending Napoleon's threat of invading England.
Today's Birthdays for October 21
1956 Carrie Fisher d. 2016 American actress. Film: Star Wars (Princess Leia) and When Harry Met Sally… (1989, Marie). She is the daughter of Debbie Reynolds and Eddie Fisher and is the author of Postcards From the Edge.
1953 Charlotte Caffey American guitarist, with the Go-Go's, We Got the Beat (1981) and Vacation (1982).
1942 Elvin Bishop American blues guitarist. Music: Fooled Around And Fell In Love (1976).
1940 Manfred Mann (Michael Lubowitz), British rock musician. Music: Do Wah Diddy Diddy (1964, #1) and Blinded By the Light (1976).
1936 Carl Baugh American young Earth creationist. He claims to have found human and dinosaur footprints together near the Paluxy River in Texas.
1933 Georgia Brown d. 1992 (Georgia Klot), singer, actress, best known for her portrayal of Nancy in Oliver!
1917 Dizzy Gillespie d. 1993 (John Birks Gillespie), American jazz trumpeter. He ran for U.S. president in 1963.
1914 Martin Gardner d. 2010 American mathematician, magician. His Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science (1957) is considered a classic in the field of scientific skepticism. He also wrote the "Mathematical Games" column in Scientific American.
1886 Eugene Ely d. 1911 American aviator. He was the first person to fly a plane from the deck of a ship (1910) and the first to land a plane on a ship (1911).
1833 Alfred Bernhard Nobel d. 1896 Swedish chemist, inventor of dynamite. The terms of his will established Nobel prizes.
1808 Samuel Francis Smith d. 1895 American poet, songwriter. Music: My Country, 'Tis of Thee (1832) which served as the U.S. national anthem prior to the adoption of the Star Spangled Banner.
1736 William Shippen, Jr d. 1808 American physician. He was the first systematic teacher of anatomy, surgery, and obstetrics in the United States and one of the first to use cadavers in the teaching of anatomy (1762).
Deaths for October 21
2012 George McGovern b. 1922 American politician, U.S. Representative (1957-61, South Dakota), U.S. Senator (1963-81, South Dakota), 1972 Presidential candidate, losing in a landslide to Nixon.
1995 Maxene Andrews b. 1916 American singer, with the Andrews Sisters.
1992 Jim Garrison b. 1921 (Earling Carothers Garrison), American lawyer, New Orleans district attorney. His investigation of Pres. Kennedy's assassination was the basis of Oliver Stone's film JFK (1991).
1970 John Thomas Scopes b. 1900 American educator. His arrest for teaching evolution in Tennessee led to the Scopes Monkey Trial (1925). He was convicted and fined $100, although it was overturned on a technicality.
1969 Jack Kerouac b. 1922 American author, On the Road (1957). He was one of the founders of the beatnik movement of the late 1950s and is known as the godfather of the '60s hippie movement.
1919 Alfred T. Ringling b. 1861 American circus operator, with Ringling Brothers Circus.
1805 Horatio Nelson b. 1758 British naval commander. He died while leading the British fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar in which he defeated the Spanish and French fleets ending Napoleon's threat of invading England.