Today's History Trivia for October 24
1945 United Nations is founded with 50 countries signing its charter.
1940 Fair Labor Standards Act goes into effect, establishing the 40-hour work week in the U.S.
1931 George Washington Bridge opens, connecting New York and New Jersey.
1929 Black Thursday Stock Market panic due to declining stock prices; the stock market crash was just around the corner.
1929 Fleischmann Hour debuts on NBC radio featuring Rudy Vallee and his Connecticut Yankees.
1901 First person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and survive Anna Edson Taylor makes the plunge on what was her 63rd birthday. She had previously tested the barrel by sending it over Horseshoe Falls with a cat inside. The cat survived.
1897 First multi-paneled comic strip Richard Felton Outcault's Yellow Kid in the New York Journal.
1861 First U.S. transcontinental telegraph message is sent, from San Francisco to Washington D.C.
Today's Birthdays for October 24
1930 Big Bopper d. 1959 (J.P. Richardson), American singer. Music: Chantilly Lace (1958) and Little Red Riding Hood (1958). He died in a plane crash with Buddy Holly - See The Day the Music Died.
1788 Sarah Josepha Hale d. 1879 American author. Writings: the nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb (1830). She founded the Seaman's Aid Society (1833) to assist the families of Boston sailors who died at sea.
1947 Kevin Kline American actor. TV: Search For Tomorrow (Woody Reed).
1939 F. Murray Abraham American Oscar-winning actor. Film: Amadeus (1984, Oscar, as Mozart's rival Salieri).
1936 David Nelson d. 2011 American actor. TV: The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (as himself).
1903 Melvin Purvis d. 1960 American FBI agent, was the FBI agent in charge during the killings of John Dillinger and "Pretty Boy" Floyd.
1901 Gilda Gray d. 1959 Polish-born American dancer, singer. She popularized the Shimmy dance of the Roaring Twenties.
1855 James Schoolcraft Sherman d. 1912 27th U.S. Vice-President (1909-12).
1838 Annie Edson Taylor d. 1921 American daredevil. She was the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and survive (1901). She did it on her 63rd birthday.
1632 Anton van Leeuwenhoek d. 1723 Dutch biologist, Father of Microscopy, using a crude microscope of his own design, he became the first person to see microorganisms in detail (1684).
A.D. 51 Domitian d. A.D. 96 Roman Emperor (81-96 AD). Known for his cruelty, he was assassinated by a man hired by his wife and court officers after they discovered the emperor's plans to execute them.
Deaths for October 24
1972 Jackie Robinson b. 1919 (Jack Roosevelt Robinson), American baseball player, 1949 MVP. He was the first black to play major-league baseball (1947, Brooklyn Dodgers) and was the first black inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame (1962).
2015 Maureen O'Hara b. 1920 (Maureen FitzSimons), Irish actress. Film: The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939, Esmeralda).
2014 Marcia Strassman b. 1948 American actress. TV: Welcome Back, Kotter (1975-79, Gabe's wife Julie) and M*A*S*H (Nurse Margie Cutler). Film: Honey, I Shrunk the Kids (1989, the mom).
1994 Raul Julia b. 1940 Puerto Rican actor. Film: Kiss of the Spider Woman (1985) and The Addams Family (1991, Gomez).
1918 César Ritz b. 1850 Swiss hotelkeeper. "Hotelier to Kings" He founded the world famous Ritz hotels in London, Paris, New York, etc.
1852 Daniel Webster b. 1782 American statesman.
1821 Elias Boudinot b. 1740 10th president of the Continental Congress (1782-83), and missionary to the Indians.