Today's History Trivia for October 28
312 Battle of the Milvian Bridge - Emperor Constantine's Conversion to Christianity Constantine wins the battle an converts to Christianity. According to some accounts, he received instructions in a dream to paint the Christian monogram on his troops' shields, thus fighting the battle in the name of the Christian God. Other accounts say he saw a cross in the heaven bearing the expression "In this sign conquer." The Arch of Constantine, celebrating this victory, attributes Constantine's success to divine intervention; however, it does not display any overtly Christian symbolism.
1993 Cheeky education The president of Columbia's largest university, National University, "moons" his audience in response to being interrupted by students during a speech.
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Soviet leader Nikita Krushchev announces that the Cuban missile bases would be dismantled.
1949 First woman U.S. ambassador Eugenie Moore Anderson is sworn in by Pres. Truman as ambassador to Denmark.
1929 First child born in an airplane In a transport plane over Miami, Florida.
1927 First scheduled international passenger flight Pan Am begins flying a route from Key West to Havana.
1922 Benito Mussolini He leads the Fascist Party on a march against Rome, overthrowing the Facta government. He then became prime minister.
1919 Volstead Act Passed by Congress over Pres. Woodrow Wilson's veto. It set maximum alcohol content in non-intoxicating beverages to ½ of 1%
1913 Krazy Kat George Herriman's comic strip premiers.
1904 Fingerprinting St. Louis, Missouri becomes the first U.S. police department to adopt fingerprinting.
1897 Thomas Edison The American inventor announces his new process for recovering iron in low grade ore.
1893 The Pathetic Tchaikovsky's masterpiece 6th symphony is performed for the first time, nine days before his death.
1890 Fingerprinting Nature magazine published the first article to advocate the use of fingerprinting.
1795 First U.S. extradition treaty with a foreign country The Jay Treaty - signed with Great Britain in 1794 - is signed by Pres Washington.
1793 Cotton gin is invented by Eli Whitney.
1636 Harvard University The oldest college in America is founded.
Today's Birthdays for October 28
1864 Dmitry Iosifovich Ivanovsky d. 1920 Russian biologist, discover of viruses. He was studying a tobacco crop disease when he found that an invisible parasite, much smaller than any known bacterium, was the cause. This newly-discovered life form was the virus (1892).
1967 Julia Roberts American actress. Film: Steel Magnolias (1989), Pretty Woman (1990), Flatliners (1990), Sleeping With the Enemy (1991), and Hook (1991).
1965 Jami Gertz American actress. TV: Square Pegs (Muffy).
1955 Bill Gates (William Henry Gates III), American businessman. Co-founder of Microsoft, and once the world's richest man.
1949 Bruce/Caitlyn Jenner American track athlete, Olympic gold medal winner (1976), Wheaties spokesperson. TV: Keeping Up with the Kardashians. In 2015 Bruce officially changed her sex to female and her name to Caitlynn Jenner.
1948 Telma Louise Hopkins American singer, actor, with Tony Orlando and Dawn. Music: Knock Three Times (1971, #1) and Tie a Yellow Ribbon 'Round the Ole Oak Tree (1973, #1). TV: Gimme a Break! (1983-87, Addy) and Family Matters (1989-97, Rachel).
1947 Susan Jane Rosenkowitz South African mother. She gave birth to the first recorded surviving sextuplets (1974). Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1944 Dennis Franz American actor. TV: Hill Street Blues (Lt. Buntz).
1939 Jane Alexander (Jane Quigley), American Tony-Emmy-winning actress. Stage: The Great White Hope (1969, Tony). Film: All the President's Men (1976) and Kramer vs. Kramer (1979). TV: Eleanor and Franklin (1976, Eleanor Roosevelt) and Playing for Time (1980, Emmy). She was selected as chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts (1993).
1936 Charlie Daniels American singer, fiddler.
1914 Jonas Edward Salk d. 1995 American physician, scientist. He discovered a polio vaccine in 1953, saving thousands from the crippling disease. In 1952 alone, polio paralyzed 21,000 people and killed 3,100.
1914 Dody Goodman d. 2008 (Dolores Goodman), American actress. TV: Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman (Mary's mother) and Diff'rent Strokes (Aunt Sophia). Film: Grease (1978) and Splash (1984). Her distinctive voice was described as sounding "like a Tweetie Pie cartoon bird strangling on peanut butter."
1909 Francis Bacon d. 1992 British artist. One of the leading artists of the 20th century.
1902 Elsa Lanchester d. 1986 (Elizabeth Sullivan), English singer, actress. Film: The Bride of Frankenstein (1935, the blushing bride).
1808 Horace Smith d. 1893 American gun-maker. Co-founder of Smith & Wesson (1852). Smith and Daniel B. Wesson founded the Smith & Wesson Company (1852) to develop the first repeating rifle. He is also credited with the invention of the explosive bullet used to kill whales.
1793 Eliphalet Remington d. 1861 American gun manufacturer. Founder of Remington gunworks.
Deaths for October 28
2007 Porter Wagoner b. 1927 American Hall of Fame country singer. Known as "Mr. Grand Ole Opry." He and Dolly Parton were a duo during the 1960s and 70's. Music: Misery Loves Company (1962, #1).
2006 Arnold "Red" Auerbach b. 1917 American basketball coach, manager. His 938 wins with the Boston Celtics makes him the NBA all-time win leader at the time of his retirement. He introduced the fast break as an offensive weapon. He also drafted the first African-American NBA player (1950, Chuck Cooper).