Today's History Trivia for October 29
1992 Blind woman "sees" After 20 years of blindness, she was able to see dots of light with the aid of electrodes implanted in her brain.
1978 First $275,000 slot machine payoff James Schelich lines up five 7s on the bottom row of a progressive slot machine in Los Vegas.
1975 First black president of the Girl Scouts Dr. Gloria Dean Scott is elected. She served for three years.
1966 National Organization for Women NOW is organized; their goal is true equality for women in America.
1964 The world's largest sapphire is stolen The Star of India measuring 563.35 carats and 2.5 inches in diameter, is stolen along with 22 other gems from the American Museum of Natural History. It was eventually recovered.
1945 First Medal of Freedom awarded to a woman Anna Rosenberg, a member of the Advisory Board of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, is awarded the honor.
1923 The Charleston The new dance makes its debut when Runnin' Wild opens on Broadway.
1901 Execution of U.S. President McKinley's Assassin Leon Frank Czolgosz is executed for his crime. At his execution he proclaimed, "I killed the President because he was the enemy of the good people - the good working people. I am not sorry for my crime."
1863 Red Cross Delegates from fourteen nations, led by Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant, approve plans for an international organization to help the wounded in time of war.
1833 First college fraternity house The Kappa Alpha Society of Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts is founded. They opened the first frat house in 1839.
Today's Birthdays for October 29
1875 Marie d. 1938 Queen of Rumania (1922-38). She was the first reigning queen to visit the U.S. (1926).
1971 Winona Ryder (Winona Horowitz), American actress. Film: Beetlejuice (1988), Heathers (1989), Mermaids (1990), Edward Scissorhands (1990), and Bram Stoker's Dracula (1993, Dracula's bride).
1961 Randy Jackson American singer. One of the lesser-known of Michael's brothers.
1957 Dan Castellanetta Italian-American actor. TV: The Simpsons (voice of Homer, Grampa, Barney, Krusty, and others).
1948 Kate Jackson American actress. TV: Charlie's Angels (Sabrina) and Scarecrow and Mrs. King (Mrs. King).
1947 Richard Dreyfuss American Oscar-winning actor. Film: American Graffiti (1973), Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), The Goodbye Girl (1977, Oscar), and Down and Out in Beverly Hills (1986).
1946 Peter Green (Peter Greenbaum), English guitarist, with Fleetwood Mac. He quit the group in 1970 due to his religious beliefs. Music: Black Magic Woman (1968) and Albatross (1969, #1 UK).
1925 John Haley "Zoot" Sims d. 1985 American saxophonist. He played with Bobby Sherwood, Benny Goodman, and Woody Herman.
1925 Geraldine Brooks d. 1977 (Geraldine Stroock), American actress. TV: Bonanza (Adam's mother Elizabeth).
1922 Neal Hefti d. 2008 American composer, bandleader. He scored the themes for the films Barefoot in the Park (1967), The Odd Couple (1968), and the TV series Batman (1966).
1897 Paul Josef Goebbels d. 1945 German Nazi leader, Hitler's propaganda minister. He killed his family and himself when the Allies entered Berlin.
1891 Fanny Brice d. 1951 American actress, singer, dancer. She starred in the Ziegfeld Follies (1910-23). She also played Baby Snooks on radio and her life was the basis for the musical Funny Girl (1968).
1815 Daniel Decatur Emmett d. 1904 American composer. He popularized Dixie (1859), which became the unofficial anthem of the Confederacy. He also formed the first black-face minstrel troupe (1843).
Deaths for October 29
1877 Nathan Bedford Forrest b. 1821 American Confederate cavalry commander, known as "The Wizard of the Saddle". He is considered the greatest cavalry commander in American history. He was one of the early leaders of the Ku Klux Klan during the reconstruction period after the Civil War. However, his attitude towards blacks changed as he grew older, with him renouncing his involvement with the KKK and advocating for black's rights.
1618 Sir Walter Raleigh b. 1552 English colonizer, poet. Popularized tobacco in England. According to legend, he gained favor with Queen Elizabeth by spreading his coat across a puddle so she wouldn't get her shoes wet. He was executed by King James I for treason after his men attacked a Spanish outpost in violation of peace treaties with Spain.
2005 Lloyd Bochner b. 1924 Canadian-born actor. TV: Dynasty (Cecil Colby) and Santa Barbara (C.C. Capwell).
1982 Joyce Clyde Hall b. 1891 American businessman, founder of the Hallmark Greeting Card Company (1910). "When you care enough to send the very best."
1971 Duane Allman b. 1946 American guitarist, with the Allman Brothers. He also duetted with Eric Clapton for Layla (1970).
1950 Gustav V b. 1858 King of Sweden (1907-50). He maintained Sweden's neutrality during World Wars I and II.
1924 Frances Eliza Hodgson Burnett b. 1849 English-born American novelist. Writings: Little Lord Fauntleroy (1886) and The Secret Garden (1911).
1923 Jimmy Ryan b. 1863 (James Edward Ryan), American baseball player. He was the first major-league baseball player to punch a sports writer (George Bechel, 1892). Ryan is the only major league player to pitch and hit for the cycle (one batter hitting a single, a double, a triple, and a home run) in the same game (1888).
1911 Joseph Pulitzer b. 1847 American publisher. The terms of his will established the Pulitzer Prizes.
1901 Leon Frank Czolgosz b. 1873 American assassin. He was executed for assassinating U.S. Pres. McKinley (1901). At his execution he proclaimed, "I killed the President because he was the enemy of the good people - the good working people. I am not sorry for my crime."
1860 Joel Sweeney b. 1810 (Joel Walker Sweeney), Irishman, blackface minstrel performer, credited with popularizing the banjo. When he played it sounded like an entire band, earning him the title "Band Joe." He was the first documented white banjo player.