Today's History Trivia for October 7
1993 First Black Woman to Win the Nobel Prize in Literature Toni Morrison, author of Beloved (1987, Pulitzer) and Jazz (1992), wins the prize. This also made her the first African-American to win the prize.
1959 First Pictures of the Far Side of the Moon The Soviet Lunik 3 takes the pictures, which are transmitted back to Earth 11 days later.
1985 Achille Lauro The Italian cruise ship is hijacked by the Palestine Liberation Front, who kill wheelchair-bound Leon Klinghoffer.
1983 James Bond Never Say Never Again premiers in the U.S., 14th in the James Bond series, it starred Sean Connery as 007.
1903 Attempted Manned Flight Prof. Langley attempts to fly his Aerodrome. It sank in the Potomac River. He had successfully made several unmanned flights with his steam-powered craft.
Today's Birthdays for October 7
1900 Heinrich Himmler d. 1945 German Nazi official, Hitler's second in command. He organized and led the S.S. (1929), headed the Gestapo (1936), and was German interior minister (1943). He committed suicide after he was captured by the Allies by biting down on a cyanide capsule.
1955 Yo-Yo Ma French-born Chinese-American Grammy-winning cellist.
1953 Tico Torres American drummer, with Bon Jovi. Music: Livin' on a Prayer (1986, #1) and Bad Medicine (1988, #1).
1953 Christopher Norris American actress. She made her TV debut as the Ivory Snow baby. TV: Trapper John, M.D. (Nurse Ripples) and Santa Barbara (Laura Asher).
1951 John Cougar Mellencamp American singer. Music: Hurts So Good (1982), Jack and Diane (1982, #1), and Scarecrow (1985).
1943 Oliver North American marine and National Security Council aide. He was convicted in the Iran-Contra scandal.
1931 Desmond Tutu South African archbishop, winner of the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize.
1927 Al Martino d. 2009 (Alfred Cini), American singer, actor. Music: Here in My Heart (1952, #1 U.S. and was also #1 on the first U.K. Singles Chart), Spanish Eyes (1965), and Volare (1975). Film: The Godfather (1972, singer Johnny Fontane, on whose behalf the Godfather makes someone an offer they can't refuse). He was also wounded at the WWII Battle of Iwo Jima where he witnessed the famous flag raising.
1917 June Allyson d. 2006 (Ella Geisman), American actress, typically portraying "the girl next door." Film: Best Foot Forward (1943), Two Girls and a Sailor (1944), and The Glenn Miller Story (1954).
1911 Vaughn Monroe d. 1973 (Wilton Monroe), American singer, bandleader. Music: Racing With the Moon and (Ghost) Riders in the Sky (1949, #1).
1888 Henry Agard Wallace d. 1965 33rd U.S. Vice-President (1941-45), Secretary of Agriculture (1933–1940), and Secretary of Commerce (1945–1946). In 1926, he founded the Hi-Bred Corn Company, which made him a wealthy man. The company later became Pioneer Hi-Bred, and was acquired in 1999 by the DuPont Corporation for approximately $10 billion.
1885 Niels Bohr d. 1962 Danish Nobel-winning physicist, "The father of atomic energy," developed the quantum theory of atomic structure (1913).
1849 James Whitcomb Riley d. 1916 American author, The Hoosier Poet, wrote the poem Little Orphan Annie.
1832 Charles Crozat Converse d. 1918 American lawyer, composer. He composed the tune and words to God For Us and the tune to What a Friend We Have in Jesus. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1748 Charles XIII d. 1818 King of Sweden (1809-18) and Norway (1814-18).
1728 Caesar Rodney d. 1784 American patriot, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Deaths for October 7
1894 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr b. 1809 American poet, physician, first dean of Harvard Medical School (1847-53). He discovered that the deadly childbed (puerperal) fever was contagious. He believed it was passed between patients by their doctors, for which he was ridiculed - until it was proved true. He coined the term "anesthesia" (1846, from the Greek "no feeling"). He is also the father of the U.S. Supreme Court judge of the same name. Quote: "Man's mind, once stretched by a new idea, never regains its original dimensions."
1993 Cyril Cusack b. 1910 Irish actor. Film: The Day of the Jackal, The Taming of the Shrew, and My Left Foot. He was considered Ireland's finest actor.
1993 Agnes De Mille b. 1905 American Tony-winning choreographer, Oklahoma! (1943), Brigadoon (1947, Tony), and Kwamina (1962, Tony).
1992 Ed Blackwell b. 1929 American jazz drummer.
1956 Clarence Frank Birdseye b. 1886 American inventor. He created a way of deep-freezing foods, and co-founded General Foods Corp.
1950 Willis Haviland Carrier b. 1876 American engineer, invented air-conditioning (1902).
1931 Daniel Chester French b. 1850 American artist. He built the statue of Abraham Lincoln which is in the Lincoln Memorial Building and the famous statue of The Minute Man (1794).
1906 Benjamin William Arnett b. 1838 American bishop, politician. He was the first black state legislator to represent white-majority constituency (Ohio 1885-87). He was the first black man to serve as foreman of an otherwise all-white jury (1872).
1787 Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg b. 1711 American religious leader, founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (1748). Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
336 Saint Marcus b. ???? Italian religious leader, 34th Pope (336).