Today's History Trivia for September 13
1501 Michelangelo's David The Italian Renaissance artist begins work on his marble sculpture of David. It was completed in 1504. It was originally commissioned for the Florence Cathedral, but after completion they realized there was no way to move the 6-ton statue to the top of the cathedral. So instead, it was placed in front of the Piazza della Signoria. In 1873, it was moved to the Accademia Gallery, Florence. A replica was placed in the Piazza della Signoria in 1910.
1993 PLO-Israeli peace treaty PLO chairman Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin sign the historic treaty at the White House.
1979 Benson debuts on ABC.
1977 First U.S. made diesel automobile General Motors introduces the Oldsmobile 88 and 98 models.
1971 Attica Prison Riot Ten hostages and 29 inmates are killed when police are sent in to end the four-day-old riot. The riot started when 1200 prisoners revolted in the New York state prison killing a guard.
1970 First New York City Marathon Won by Gary Muhrcke.
1943 World War II - Commando Kelly The war hero begins a series of actions, including several reconnaissance missions under fire and the holding off of Germans so others could evacuate an ammo dump. For his heroism, he became the first WWII U.S. solider in the European war theater to receive the Medal of Honor.
1922 Hottest recorded day El Azizia, Libya hits 136º F (58º C).
1861 First Civil War naval engagement A Union frigate burns a Confederate privateer in a Pensacola, Florida shipyard.
1788 New York City is established as the capitol of the U.S. by Congress.
Today's Birthdays for September 13
1813 John Sedgwick d. 1864 American general. Killed in the Civil War battle of Spotsylvania. His last words were "They couldn't hit an elephant at this distance," just as he was shot a confederate sharpshooter.
1948 Nell Carter d. 2003 American Tony-Emmy-winning actress. TV: Gimme a Break (1981-87, Nell Harper). Broadway: Ain't Misbehavin' (1978, Tony).
1944 Jacqueline Bisset English actress. Film: Casino Royale (1967, Miss Goodthighs).
1939 Richard Kiel d. 2014 American 7-foot 2-inch tall actor. Film: The Spy Who Loved Me (1977, Jaws - Bond's steel-mouthed foe), Moonraker (1979, Jaws), and Happy Gilmore (1996, Mr. Larson).
1938 Miss Manners (Judith Martin), author, journalist.
1937 Fred Silverman ABC program manager.
1931 Joseph "Mr. Google Eyes" August d. 1992 pioneer rhythm and blues musician. When he tried to break up with a white woman he was dating, she shot him in the abdomen. Though he recovered, he was charged for violating interracial relationship laws. He reportedly got his nickname from "Mr. Google Eyes" for his habit of ogling attractive female customers at the restaurant where he worked.
1931 Barbara Bain American actress. TV: Mission: Impossible (Cinnamon Carter).
1925 Mel Tormé d. 1999 (Melvin Howard Tormé), American singer, actor. "The Velvet Fog." He co-wrote Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire (1946). Music: Careless Love (1949, #1). TV: Night Court (Judge Stone's favorite).
1924 Scott Brady d. 1985 (Gerald Tierney), American actor. He turned down the role of Archie Bunker on All in the Family. TV: Laverne & Shirley (Shirley Feeney's dad).
1924 Norman Alden d. 2012 American actor. TV: Rango (Ranger Rango's boss).
1922 Yma Sumac d. 2008 Peruvian-born singer. She was one of the most famous proponents of exotica music. Music: Voice of the Xtabay (1950, #1).
1916 Roald Dahl d. 1990 British author, coined the word "Gremlin" and wrote Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (made into the 1971 movie Willie Wonka and the Chocolate Factory).
1907 "Gorgeous" George Arena d. 1992 American wrestler. Platinum-haired villain of the early days of TV wrestling. Known for his three-inch platform shoe and silk robes.
1904 Alberta Christine Williams King d. 1974 mother of civil-rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. She was shot to death while playing the organ during a church service by a 21-year-old black man who proclaimed "all Christians are my enemies."
1903 Claudette Colbert d. 1996 (Claudette Lily Chauchoin), Oscar-winning French-American actress. Film: It Happened One Night (Oscar).
1860 John Joseph Pershing d. 1948 American general, commander in chief of the American forces during World War I (1917-19) and U.S. Army chief of staff (1921-24).
1857 Milton Snavely Hershey d. 1945 American candy-maker. Invented the Hershey bar (1894).
1851 Walter Reed d. 1902 American Army surgeon. He proved that Aëdes aegypti mosquitoes carry the yellow-fever virus (1900).
1813 William Augustus Barstow d. 1865 American politician, governor of Wisconsin (1854-56). After the discovery of election irregularities, he became the first U.S. governor removed from office by a state supreme court (1856).
1766 Samuel Wilson d. 1854 American meatpacker, the original "Uncle Sam." During the War of 1812 he stamped his merchandise with "U.S." - the initials of his nickname - causing it to be confused with government approved packages.
1761 Caspar Wistar d. 1818 American physician. The botanist Thomas Nuttall named the Wisteria in his honor.
Deaths for September 13
2009 Paul Burke b. 1926 American actor. He and Harry Connick, Sr., New Orleans District Attorney, were indicted on racketeering charges for aiding and abetting a gambling operation (1989). They were both acquitted of the charges, while two other defendants in the case were found guilty. TV: Naked City (Adam Flint), Twelve O'Clock High (Joe Gallagher), and Dynasty (Congressman Neal McVane).
2001 Dorothy McGuire b. 1916 American actress. Film: The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965, the Virgin Mary) and Swiss Family Robinson (1960, the mother).
1998 George Corley Wallace b. 1919 Alabama governor (1963-67, 71-79, 83-87). He was shot and partially paralyzed by Arthur Bremer (1972).
1832 Father Gabriel Richard b. 1767 first Catholic priest to serve in Congress (1823-25).
1803 John Barry b. 1745 American naval commander, fought in the American Revolution, became the first American commodore (1794).
1598 Philip II b. 1527 King of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1556-98), and King of Portugal (1580-98). His armada was destroyed after attacking England (1588), giving rule of the seas to England.