Today's History Trivia for September 16
1987 Ozone protection 24 countries sign an agreement in Montreal to reduce the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). The gases, which are used in aerosols and refrigerants, are blamed for creating a hole in the Earth's ozone layer.
1984 Miami Vice debuts on NBC.
1983 Webster debuts on ABC.
1976 Episcopal Church The Church officially approves the ordination of women, thus allowing the recognition of 15 women previously ordained in Philadelphia and Washington.
1972 The Bob Newhart Show debuts on CBS.
1953 First CinemaScope feature 20th Century-Fox releases The Robe using its new wide-screen stereophonic film process.
1919 The American Legion This patriotic organization is incorporated by an act of Congress.
1915 Haiti Treaty signed with Haiti making it a protectorate of the U.S. for 10 years.
1908 General Motors The automobile company is incorporated. It was formed by the merger of Buick and Oldsmobile.
1893 World's largest scramble for free land More than 100,000 homesteaders descend on the 7,000,000-acre 226-mile wide Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma to stake their claim on land that had originally been set aside for the Cherokee Indians.
1782 Great Seal The seal bearing a spread eagle with the motto "E Pluribus Unum" (Out of many, one) is first used. It was used on an authorization for George Washington to negotiate a prisoner-of-war agreement with the British.
Today's Birthdays for September 16
1956 David Copperfield (David Seth Kotkin), American magician. He made both a Lear Jet (1981) and the Statue of Liberty (1983) disappear on TV. He is the most commercially successful magician in history, having grossed over a billion USD in revenue.
1950 David Bellamy American singer, with the Bellamy Brothers. Music: Let Your Love Flow (1976, #1), If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body Would You Hold It Against Me? (1979, #1), and Kids of the Baby Boom (1987, #1).
1949 Ed Begley Jr American actor. TV: St. Elsewhere (Dr. Victor Ehrlich).
1948 Kenny Jones British drummer. With Small Faces (1965-78), then joined The Who (1979) after the death of Keith Moon.
1930 Anne Francis American actress. TV: Rip Tide (charter boat operator Mama Jo). She started as a child star of radio soap operas.
1927 Peter Falk American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Columbo (title role).
1926 Tommy Bond American actor. Film: The Little Rascals (Butch). He appeared in 27 Our Gang films.
1926 Robert H. Schuller American televangelist, founder of the Crystal Cathedral and host of TV's Hour of Power.
1925 B.B. King (Riley B. King), American Grammy-winning blues singer. He was the first blues singer to tour the USSR (1979). Music: Three O'Clock Blues (1951, #1).
1924 Lauren Bacall (Betty Joan Perske), American Tony-winning actress. Film: To Have and Have Not (1944), Key Largo (1948), and Applause (1970, Tony).
1919 Laurence Johnston Peter d. 1990 Canadian author, creator of the Peter Principle (1968) - "In a hierarchy, every employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence." Writings: The Peter Principle.
1914 Allen Funt d. 1999 American TV personality, creator and host of Candid Camera.
1875 J.C. Penney d. 1971 (James Cash Penney, Jr.), American businessman. Founded the J.C. Penney department store chain (1902).
Deaths for September 16
1984 Louis Réard b. 1897 French automobile engineer, fashion designer. He introduced the bikini (1946), the two-piece swimsuit. When none of his regular models would wear it, he hired a 19-year-old nude dancer to model it. It was named after Bikini Island in the Pacific Ocean.
2016 Edward Albee b. 1928 American Pulitzer-Tony-winning playwright. Writings: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1961), A Delicate Balance (1966, Pulitzer), and Three Tall Women (1994, Pulitzer).
2011 Tom Wilson b. 1931 American cartoonist. Creator of Ziggy (1969).
2005 Gordon Gould b. 1920 American Physicist. He is credited with inventing the laser (1957). He coined the term "laser" (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation). Although he was the first to document plans on how to build a laser, he was not the first to build one (See Theodore Maiman).
2003 Sheb Wooley b. 1921 American actor, singer. TV: Rawhide (Pete Nolan). Music: The Purple People Eater (1958, #1), and Hee Haw (cast member and wrote the theme song).
2002 James Gregory b. 1911 American actor. TV: Barney Miller (Inspector Luger).
1977 Marc Bolan b. 1947 (Mark Feld), English musician, lead singer for T-Rex. Music: Bang a Gong (1971, #1 Britain) and Jeepster (1971, #2 Britain). He died in a car accident.
1911 Edward Whymper b. 1840 British explorer, first person to climb the Matterhorn (1865). Four of his seven-member team died during the descent.
1903 Luther Childs Crowell b. 1840 American inventor. Invented the square-bottomed paper grocery bag (1872).
1824 Louis XVIII b. 1755 (Louis Stanislas Xavier), King of France (1814-24).
1672 Anne Dudley Bradstreet b. circa 1612 American poet, the first published poet of New England (1650).
1498 Tomás de Torquemada b. 1420 Dominican prior. He organized the Spanish Inquisition for which he became famous for the severity in which he administered the office. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1087 Victor III b. circa 1026 Italian religious leader, 158th Pope (1086-87).
655 Saint Martin I b. ???? Italian religious leader, 74th Pope (649-655). He was deposed in 653 by Emperor Constans II for condemning the Monothelite heretics at the Lateran Synod of 649.