Today's History Trivia for September 25
1992 Mars Observer The $813 million spacecraft is launched. NASA lost contact with it three days before it was scheduled to arrive at Mars in August of 1993. The most probable cause of the failure was a rupture of the fuel pressurization side of the spacecraft's propulsion system causing the spacecraft to spin and to erode the electrical circuits.
1789 Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights is submitted to the states for ratification. It is composed of the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. It was ratified in 1791. They provided guarantees of personal freedoms and rights, clear limitations on the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and explicit declarations that all powers not specifically delegated to Congress by the Constitution are reserved for the states or the people.
1992 AIDS Magic Johnson quits Pres. Bush's National Commission on AIDS because of lack of support.
1987 Beauty and the Beast debuts on CBS.
1981 First woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court Sandra Day O'Connor is sworn in.
1951 Junction transistor is patented by Dr. Shockley of Bell Laboratories.
1890 Yosemite National Park established by Congress.
1690 First American newspaper Publick Occurrences Foreign and Domestick by Benjamin Harris of Boston is published. It was suppressed after one issue by the Royal Governor.
1513 First European to discover the Pacific Ocean Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa.
Today's Birthdays for September 25
1961 Heather Locklear American actress. TV: Dynasty (Sammy Jo).
1952 Christopher Reeve d. 2004 American actor. He became a quadriplegic after a horseback-riding accident (1995). Film: The Superman movies (1978-87, the man of steel). Writings: Still Me (1998, won a Grammy for the audio version).
1951 Mark Hamill American actor. Film: Star Wars (1977, Luke Skywalker). TV: General Hospital (Kent Murray).
1949 Anson Williams American actor. TV: Happy Days (Potsie).
1947 Cheryl Tiegs American model.
1944 Michael Douglas American Oscar-winning actor. Film: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975, co-producer: it won five Oscars). He also did the voiceovers for the Nissan Infiniti commercials.
1943 Robert Walden American actor. TV: Lou Grant (Joe Rossi).
1943 Lee Aaker American actor. TV: The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin (Rusty).
1936 Juliet Prowse d. 1996 Anglo-Indian dancer, actress. Her career took off after Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev declared her dancing "immoral."
1932 Edgar C. Whisenant d. 2001 American NASA engineer and Bible student. His book 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Will Be in 1988, which sold 4.5 million copies, predicted the Rapture would occur between September 11 and 13, 1988. As the date loomed, Trinity Broadcasting Network provided special bulletins with instructions on preparing for the Rapture. After the predicted date passed, he followed up with books predicting the Rapture in 1989, 1993, 1994, etc.
1929 Barbara Walters American Emmy-winning interviewer, commentator. The first woman anchor of a network TV news program (1976).
1915 Ethel Rosenberg d. 1953 American traitor. She and her husband Julius became the first U.S. citizens executed for treason during peace time. They had been convicted of selling top secret information to the Soviets.
1897 William Faulkner d. 1962 American Nobel-Pulitzer-winning author, wrote The Sound and the Fury (1929), Sanctuary (1931), A Fable (1954), and The Reivers (1962, Nobel).
1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan d. 1945 American zoologist. He won a 1933 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the chromosome's role in heredity.
1806 James Harmon Ward d. 1861 Union Naval officer. First Naval officer killed in the Civil War. He was shot by a Confederate sharpshooter while aiming a cannon at Mathias Point, Virginia.
Deaths for September 25
2016 Arnold Palmer b. 1929 American golfer. He was the first golfer to win $1,000,000 in career earnings.
2012 Andy Williams b. 1927 American singer and Emmy-winning TV host. Music: Butterfly (1957, #1), Moon River (1962), and The Days of Wine and Roses (1962). TV: The Andy Williams Show (1962-71).
2005 Don Adams b. 1923 (Donald James Yarmy), American actor. TV: Get Smart (Agent 86, Maxwell Smart) and Inspector Gadget (1983-85, voice of Gadget).
1988 Billy Carter b. 1937 American personality, ex-Pres. Jimmy Carter's brother.
1987 Mary Astor b. 1906 (Lucille Vasconcellos Langhanke), Oscar-winning actress, The Maltese Falcon (1941) and The Great Lie (1941, Oscar).
1984 Walter Pidgeon b. 1897 Canadian-born actor, noted for his films with Greer Garson. Film: The Gorilla (1931, title role).
1970 Erich Maria Remarque b. 1898 German-born American author, All Quiet on the Western Front (1929), the first non-American/English book to top the best seller list.
1960 Emily Post b. 1872 American etiquette columnist and author.
1928 Richard Felton Outcault b. 1863 American cartoonist, created the first recurring comic strip character (1896), the Yellow Kid of Hogan's Alley. He also created Buster Brown (1902).
1777 Johann Heinrich Lambert b. 1728 German mathematician, physicist, astronomer, proved that the numbers e and pi are irrational, and for whom the unit of brightness "lambert" is named.
1534 Clement VII b. 1478 Italian religious leader, 219th Pope (1523-34). He was the illegitimate son of Giuliano de Medici. Just days before his death, he commissioned Michelangelo's painting of The Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel.