Today's History Trivia for September 6
1901 President McKinley Assassination The U.S. President is shot and mortally wounded by Leon Czolgosz. McKinley died eight days later. Czolgosz believed there was an inequality in American society which allowed the wealthy to enrich themselves by exploiting the poor. He was inspired by the assassination of King Umberto I of Italy the previous year by anarchist Gaetano Bresci, who told the press that he had decided to take matters into his own hands for the sake of the common man. Czolgosz decided to do the same. At his execution he proclaimed, "I killed the President because he was the enemy of the good people - the good working people. I am not sorry for my crime."
1991 The Soviet city Leningrad's name is restored to St. Petersburg.
1991 The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
1989 The U.S. Embassy in Lebanon is evacuated.
1979 National Grandparents Day is proclaimed by the president. To be celebrated on the Sunday following Labor Day.
1969 H.R. Pufnstuf with puppets by Sid and Marty Krofft debuts on NBC. They sued McDonald's because of Mayor McCheese's resemblance to Pufnstuf and won $50,000.
1938 Boys Town is released, starring Spencer Tracy as Father Flanagan. Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
1837 First co-ed college Oberlin Collegiate Institute, Ohio grants women equal status, although it had allowed them to attend since its opening in 1833.
1687 Sir Isaac Newton completes the Principa Mathematica.
1522 First circumnavigation of the globe 31 survivors of the Magellan expedition reach San Lucar, completing the three-year voyage. Magellan was killed during the voyage.
Today's Birthdays for September 6
1947 Jane Curtin American Emmy-winning actress, comedienne. TV: Saturday Night Live, Kate & Allie (Allie).
1944 Swoosie Kurtz American actress. TV: Love, Sidney (Sidney's roommate Laurie).
1943 Roger Waters English singer, with Pink Floyd. Music: Dark Side of the Moon (1972, #1), Wish You Were Here (1975, #1), and The Wall (1979, #1).
1937 Jo Anne Worley American comedienne. TV: Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In.
1899 Billy Rose d. 1966 (William Samuel Rosenberg), American songwriter. Music: Me and My Shadow and It's Only a Paper Moon.
1892 Sir Edward Victor Appleton d. 1965 English Nobel-winning physicist, discovered the conductive "Appleton layer" in the ionosphere making long range radar and radio transmission possible.
1877 Charles "Buddy" Bolden d. 1931 American New Orleans cornetist. He is reputed to have invented jazz music. Suffering from schizophrenia, he spent the last 24 years of his life in an insane asylum.
1876 John James Rickard MacLeod d. 1935 Scottish physiologist. He shared a Nobel Prize for the discovery of insulin (1921), although his primary role was only to provide the lab in which the work was done.
1766 John Dalton d. 1844 English chemist, physicist, perfected the atomic theory (1804).
1757 Marquis de Lafayette d. 1834 French general. He became the youngest major general ever in the U.S. army when he joined (1777) during the American Revolution.
1711 Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg d. 1787 American religious leader, founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (1748). Source: An Almanac of the Christian Church
Deaths for September 6
1966 Margaret Sanger b. 1879 American birth-control advocate. She coined the term "birth control" (1914), opened the first birth-control clinic in the U.S. (for which she was promptly arrested), and published Birth Control Review (1917-29).
2007 Luciano Pavarotti b. 1935 Italian tenor, one of "The Three Tenors." He was caught lip-syncing during a live BBC radio performance (1992).
1984 Ernest Tubb b. 1914 American country music Hall of Famer. Music: I'm Walkin' the Floor Over You (1942) and Goodnight, Irene (1950, #1).
1981 Christy Brown b. 1932 Irish author, artist, born with cerebral palsy. The movie My Left Foot was based on his 1954 autobiography - which he typed using the little toe of his left foot - his left foot was the only part of his body not affected by paralysis.
1959 Edmund Gwenn b. 1877 English Oscar-winning actor. Film: Miracle on 34th Street (1947, Oscar as Kris Kringle) and The Trouble with Harry (1955).
1902 Sir Frederick Abel b. 1827 English chemist. With Sir James Dewar, he invented cordite, a smokeless explosive (1891). Used by the British army in WWI, it enabled the battlefield to remain visible during heavy bombings.
1311 Arnaldus de Villa Nova b. circa 1240 Spanish physician, religious reformer. He was the first person to produce pure alcohol. He also discovered carbon monoxide.
972 John XIII b. ???? Italian religious leader, 133rd Pope (965-972).