Today's Holidays for September 8
Feast Day of the Birth of Mary Commemorating the birth of the Virgin Mary.
Today's History Trivia for September 8
1892 Pledge of Allegiance It is published for the first time, by The Youth's Companion. Authorship is attributed to Francis Bellamy. The original 1892 version: "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." Changes were made to it over the years, including in 1954 adding the words "Under God."
1991 Tailhook Scandal More than 100 U.S. Navy and Marine Corps are accused of sexually assaulting women during the 35th Annual Tailhook Association Symposium at the Las Vegas Hilton.
1990 America's Funniest People debuts on ABC.
1988 Dan Quayle The future U.S. Vice-President states, "Republicans understand the importance of bondage between parent and child."
1988 Dan Quayle The future U.S. Vice-President states, "Bobby Knight told me this: "There is nothing that a good defense—cannot beat a better offense." In other words a good offense wins."
1974 Watergate - Ford Pardons Nixon U.S. President Gerald Ford gives a full pardon to former U.S. President Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed while President.
1974 Evel Knievel The American daredevil jumps Twin Falls, Idaho's Snake River Canyon on his rocket motorcycle.
1972 Olympic Massacre Retaliation Israeli jets bomb Lebanon and Syria in retaliation for the killing of 11 Israeli Olympic team members by Palestinian terrorists three days earlier.
1968 First U.S. Open women's singles division The tennis championship is won by Virginia Wade of England.
1966 Tarzan debuts on NBC, starring Ron Ely. It was filmed in Brazil and Mexico.
1966 Star Trek debuts on NBC, with the episode The Man Trap.
1954 Southeast Asian Treaty Organization SATO is established with the signing of a treaty between the U.S. and seven other countries.
1951 Japanese Peace Treaty Japan, the U.S., and 47 other countries sign the treaty.
1944 World War II Germany launches its first V-2 guided rockets, striking London and Antwerp. Travelling at the speed of sound, they were virtually impossible to stop.
1943 World War II Italy makes an unconditional surrender to the Allies, although German troops there continue to fight.
1935 U.S. Senator Huey P. Long is shot at the Louisiana state capitol by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr. He died two days later.
1916 U.S. International Trade Commission is established.
1565 Oldest European settlement still in existence in America Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndes de Avilés founds St. Augustine, Florida.
1565 First Catholic parish in what is now the US Fr. Don Martin Francisco Lopez de Mendozo Grajales founds a parish in St. Augustine Fla.
Today's Birthdays for September 8
1954 Ruby Bridges American activist. She was the first black child at the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans, Louisiana (1960). Many whites pulled their children from the school and all but one teacher refused to teach her. This event was the subject of a Norman Rockwell painting.
1932 Patsy Cline d. 1963 (Virginia Peterson Hensley), American Hall of Fame country singer. Music: I Fall to Pieces (1961, #1) and Crazy (1961). She was the first female solo performer elected into the Country Music Hall of Fame (1973). She died in a plane crash. Her pilot was not instrument rated and was trying to fly in heavy weather. She was returning home after performing at a benefit for the family of disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call, who had died in an automobile crash a little over a month earlier.
1841 Charles J. Guiteau d. 1882 American presidential assassin. Assassinated U.S. President James A. Garfield. Guiteau was angry with Garfield for rejecting his various job applications. He shot Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. Garfield died two months later from infections related to the injury. Guiteau was hanged for his crime.
1957 Heather Thomas American actress. TV: The Fall Guy (Jody).
1952 Mitch Robbins fictional character. Played by Billy Crystal in the movie City Slickers (1991). "Hi, Curly, kill anyone today?"
1929 Darwood Kaye d. 2002 (Darwood Kenneth Smith), American actor, the rich and scholarly Waldo of The Little Rascals, he appeared in 21 Our Gang films (1937-40). He went on to become a Seventh Day Adventist Pastor until he was killed by a hit-and-run driver.
1925 Peter Sellers d. 1980 British actor. Film: The Pink Panther (1964, Inspector Clouseau) and Being There (1979, the gardner).
1922 Sid Caesar d. 2014 American actor, comedian. TV: Your Show of Shows (host). Film: Grease (1978, Coach Calhoun).
1914 Hillary Brooke d. 1999 (Beatrice Peterson), American actress. TV: My Little Margie (1952-55, Roberta). Film: Sci-fi B-movie classic Invaders from Mars (1953).
1911 Euell Gibbons d. 1975 American naturalist. Proponent of natural diets and eating wild foods, such as lamb's quarters (a type of weed), rose hips, dandelion shoots, stinging nettle, and cattails. Writings: Stalking the Wild Asparagus (1962). He was the spokesman for Post Grape-Nuts.
1908 Austin Briggs d. 1973 American cartoonist. Drew Secret Agent X-9 (1938-40) and Flash Gordon dailies (1940-44) and Sundays (1944-48).
1685 Thomas Fleet d. 1758 American printer. He published (1719) a book of nursery rhymes that his mother-in-law sang to his son. Since her name was Goose, they became Mother Goose Nursery Rhymes.
1157 Richard I d. 1199 King of England (1189-99), known as Richard the Lion-Hearted.
Deaths for September 8
1970 Percy Spencer b. 1894 American scientist. While working for the Raytheon company, he stopped for a minute in front of a magnetron, a vacuum tube that generates high-frequency radio waves, and noticed that the chocolate bar in his pocket was melting, which inspired him to invent the microwave oven (1946). An orphan at age eight who never graduated from grammar school, he became Senior Vice President at Raytheon and received 150 patents.
1991 Brad Davis b. 1949 American actor. Film: Midnight Express. He died of AIDS.
1980 Willard Frank Libby b. 1908 American Nobel-winning chemist, inventor of radiocarbon dating (1949).
1977 Zero Mostel b. 1915 American actor, singer. Stage: Fiddler on the Roof (1964, as Tevye singing If I Were a Rich Man).
1949 Richard Strauss b. 1864 German composer, Also Sprach Zarathustra (1896), the theme of the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).
1888 Annie Chapman b. circa 1841 English crime victim. She is the second known victim of Jack the Ripper.
1882 Joseph Liouville b. 1809 French mathematician. He discovered the first proof of transcendental numbers (1844).
1784 Ann Lee b. 1736 English mystic, religious leader, founded Shakerism in America (1774).
701 Saint Sergius I b. circa 650 religious leader, 84th Pope (687-701).